New - and -dendralenes bearing electron-donor 1,3-dithiole and ferrocene substituents have been synthesised. Compounds 8, 15 and 17 have been characterised by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Two of the dithiole rings of 8 are conjugated (dihedral angle 9 degrees), while the third dithiole ring is almost orthogonal to this plane, and hence its pi-electron system is isolated. For the dendralene precursor molecule 15, the substituted cyclopentadienyl ring, two C=C bonds and fused dithiole and dithiine rings comprise an extended pi-conjugated system. In molecule 17 the potential conjugation path C(6)C(3) C(4)C(5)-C5H5 is distorted by an 8 degrees twist around the C(3)-C(4) bond and a 7 degrees twist around the C(5)-C(21) bond, and the delocalisation along the chain is insignificant. Solution electrochemical data demonstrate that the dendralenes are strong pi-electron donors, which give rise to dication, radical trication or tetracation species. Spectroelectrochemical studies on compounds 7 and 10 suggest that the radical species are situated within the linear 1,2-ethylenediylidene moieties and that a conformational change may occur at the dication redox stage. UV/Vis spectroscopic data are consistent with poor cross-conjugation in these systems.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Chemistry - A European Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Jun 2000|
- structure elucidation