Fuels and fuel processing for low temperature fuel cells

D. J.L. Brett, M. Manage, E. Agante, N. P. Brandon, E. Brightman, R. J.C. Brown, Iain Staffell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter examines the role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells. The range of fuels and impurities that are of relevance to low-temperature fuel cells are discussed and the performance from a thermodynamic perspective is analysed. As a route to hydrogen, various fuel processing options are considered along with an overview of the major storage techniques. Issues associated with alternative fuels are covered along with the deleterious properties of fuels and their impurities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1 Fundamentals and Performance of Low Temperature Fuel Cells
EditorsChristoph Hartnig, Christina Roth
Place of PublicationSawston, Cambridge
Chapter1
Pages3-26
Number of pages24
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012

Keywords

  • alkaline fuel cell (AFC)
  • biogas
  • carbon monoxide
  • catalyst
  • degradation
  • fuel
  • hydrogen
  • methane
  • methanol
  • particulates
  • phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC)
  • platinum
  • poisoning
  • polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC)
  • sulphur

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  • Cite this

    Brett, D. J. L., Manage, M., Agante, E., Brandon, N. P., Brightman, E., Brown, R. J. C., & Staffell, I. (2012). Fuels and fuel processing for low temperature fuel cells. In C. Hartnig, & C. Roth (Eds.), Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology: Volume 1 Fundamentals and Performance of Low Temperature Fuel Cells (Vol. 1, pp. 3-26).