From micro to nano: analysis of surface-enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy active sites via multiscale correlations

I. Khan, D. Cunningham, R.E. Littleford, D. Graham, W.E. Smith, D.W. McComb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effective correlation of data from a number of analytical techniques over length scales spanning several orders of magnitude is required to more fully investigate the active sites on silver nanoparticles that are responsible for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS). In this paper, a method is presented that uses fluorescent beads as optical markers to allow direct correlation between a SERRS/fluorescence map and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) collage of the same area. Factors influencing the accuracy of the technique include the flatness of the substrate, the size of the fluorescent beads, and the strength of the signal from the fluorescent beads. When the effect of each of these factors on the technique is addressed, a simple and accurate correlation between the optical spectroscopy and the electron microscopy is achieved. A statistically significant number of particles can then be easily and reliably located and characterized at both optical limits, by SERRS, and with subnanometer resolution in the high-resolution TEM. Examples of HRTEM images and the locations of these particles within the SERRS map/TEM collage are presented. Our findings reveal that the relative SERRS activity of single particles is very low compared to dimers and larger aggregates of particles. The relative activity of dimers is estimated to be 12.4 times greater than single particles, and as the number of particles in the aggregate increase, the relative SERRS activity also increases. The relative SERRS activities of single particles/dimers/trimers/aggregates of 4-9 particles/aggregates of 10-20 are estimated to be 1/12.4/15.6/23.2/43.
LanguageEnglish
Pages224-230
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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Raman spectroscopy
Raman scattering
Dimers
Electron microscopes
Thermodynamic properties
Silver
Electron microscopy
Fluorescence
Nanoparticles
Substrates

Keywords

  • rhodamine 6G molecules
  • silver nanoparticles
  • optical-properties
  • scattering
  • fluorescence
  • serrs
  • shape

Cite this

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abstract = "Effective correlation of data from a number of analytical techniques over length scales spanning several orders of magnitude is required to more fully investigate the active sites on silver nanoparticles that are responsible for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS). In this paper, a method is presented that uses fluorescent beads as optical markers to allow direct correlation between a SERRS/fluorescence map and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) collage of the same area. Factors influencing the accuracy of the technique include the flatness of the substrate, the size of the fluorescent beads, and the strength of the signal from the fluorescent beads. When the effect of each of these factors on the technique is addressed, a simple and accurate correlation between the optical spectroscopy and the electron microscopy is achieved. A statistically significant number of particles can then be easily and reliably located and characterized at both optical limits, by SERRS, and with subnanometer resolution in the high-resolution TEM. Examples of HRTEM images and the locations of these particles within the SERRS map/TEM collage are presented. Our findings reveal that the relative SERRS activity of single particles is very low compared to dimers and larger aggregates of particles. The relative activity of dimers is estimated to be 12.4 times greater than single particles, and as the number of particles in the aggregate increase, the relative SERRS activity also increases. The relative SERRS activities of single particles/dimers/trimers/aggregates of 4-9 particles/aggregates of 10-20 are estimated to be 1/12.4/15.6/23.2/43.",
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From micro to nano : analysis of surface-enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy active sites via multiscale correlations. / Khan, I.; Cunningham, D.; Littleford, R.E.; Graham, D.; Smith, W.E.; McComb, D.W.

In: Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 78, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 224-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - From micro to nano

T2 - Analytical Chemistry

AU - Khan, I.

AU - Cunningham, D.

AU - Littleford, R.E.

AU - Graham, D.

AU - Smith, W.E.

AU - McComb, D.W.

PY - 2006/1/1

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N2 - Effective correlation of data from a number of analytical techniques over length scales spanning several orders of magnitude is required to more fully investigate the active sites on silver nanoparticles that are responsible for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS). In this paper, a method is presented that uses fluorescent beads as optical markers to allow direct correlation between a SERRS/fluorescence map and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) collage of the same area. Factors influencing the accuracy of the technique include the flatness of the substrate, the size of the fluorescent beads, and the strength of the signal from the fluorescent beads. When the effect of each of these factors on the technique is addressed, a simple and accurate correlation between the optical spectroscopy and the electron microscopy is achieved. A statistically significant number of particles can then be easily and reliably located and characterized at both optical limits, by SERRS, and with subnanometer resolution in the high-resolution TEM. Examples of HRTEM images and the locations of these particles within the SERRS map/TEM collage are presented. Our findings reveal that the relative SERRS activity of single particles is very low compared to dimers and larger aggregates of particles. The relative activity of dimers is estimated to be 12.4 times greater than single particles, and as the number of particles in the aggregate increase, the relative SERRS activity also increases. The relative SERRS activities of single particles/dimers/trimers/aggregates of 4-9 particles/aggregates of 10-20 are estimated to be 1/12.4/15.6/23.2/43.

AB - Effective correlation of data from a number of analytical techniques over length scales spanning several orders of magnitude is required to more fully investigate the active sites on silver nanoparticles that are responsible for surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS). In this paper, a method is presented that uses fluorescent beads as optical markers to allow direct correlation between a SERRS/fluorescence map and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) collage of the same area. Factors influencing the accuracy of the technique include the flatness of the substrate, the size of the fluorescent beads, and the strength of the signal from the fluorescent beads. When the effect of each of these factors on the technique is addressed, a simple and accurate correlation between the optical spectroscopy and the electron microscopy is achieved. A statistically significant number of particles can then be easily and reliably located and characterized at both optical limits, by SERRS, and with subnanometer resolution in the high-resolution TEM. Examples of HRTEM images and the locations of these particles within the SERRS map/TEM collage are presented. Our findings reveal that the relative SERRS activity of single particles is very low compared to dimers and larger aggregates of particles. The relative activity of dimers is estimated to be 12.4 times greater than single particles, and as the number of particles in the aggregate increase, the relative SERRS activity also increases. The relative SERRS activities of single particles/dimers/trimers/aggregates of 4-9 particles/aggregates of 10-20 are estimated to be 1/12.4/15.6/23.2/43.

KW - rhodamine 6G molecules

KW - silver nanoparticles

KW - optical-properties

KW - scattering

KW - fluorescence

KW - serrs

KW - shape

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M3 - Article

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SP - 224

EP - 230

JO - Analytical Chemistry

JF - Analytical Chemistry

SN - 0003-2700

IS - 1

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