Frequency dependence of the dielectric and electro-optic response in suspensions of charged rod-like colloidal particles

A. V. Delgado, F. Carrique, F. J. Arrojo, Tommaso Bellini, Francesco Mantegazza, Mario Ettore Giardini, Vittorio Degiorgio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have performed an experimental investigation on the electrokinetic properties of charged rod-like fluorinated latex colloids. Systematic measurements of electrophoretic mobility, dielectric constant and electric birefringence have been performed as a function of the concentration of added nonionic surfactant and salt. In the investigated range of parameters, the zeta potential is a strongly decreasing function of the concentration of nonionic surfactant, while it is basically independent from ionic strength. We have obtained the frequency dependence of dielectric constant and Kerr constant as a function of zeta-potential and ionic strength. We observe the transition from a low frequency behavior, where both the dielectric constant and the Kerr constant are enhanced by the presence of the double layer, to a high frequency behavior, where both quantities take the value expected for unchanged particles in an insulating medium. The shape of the frequency dispersion of the Kerr constant coincides with that of the dielectric constant, but the cut-off frequencies are the same only when the zeta-potential of the particles is low.
LanguageEnglish
Pages157-167
Number of pages11
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume140
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 1998

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Electrooptical effects
electro-optics
Suspensions
Permittivity
rods
Zeta potential
permittivity
Nonionic surfactants
Ionic strength
surfactants
Electrophoretic mobility
electrokinetics
Latex
Colloids
Cutoff frequency
latex
Birefringence
Latexes
birefringence
colloids

Keywords

  • electric birefringence
  • dielectric dispersion
  • elongated teflon particles
  • zeta potential

Cite this

Delgado, A. V. ; Carrique, F. ; Arrojo, F. J. ; Bellini, Tommaso ; Mantegazza, Francesco ; Giardini, Mario Ettore ; Degiorgio, Vittorio. / Frequency dependence of the dielectric and electro-optic response in suspensions of charged rod-like colloidal particles. In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 1998 ; Vol. 140. pp. 157-167.
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abstract = "We have performed an experimental investigation on the electrokinetic properties of charged rod-like fluorinated latex colloids. Systematic measurements of electrophoretic mobility, dielectric constant and electric birefringence have been performed as a function of the concentration of added nonionic surfactant and salt. In the investigated range of parameters, the zeta potential is a strongly decreasing function of the concentration of nonionic surfactant, while it is basically independent from ionic strength. We have obtained the frequency dependence of dielectric constant and Kerr constant as a function of zeta-potential and ionic strength. We observe the transition from a low frequency behavior, where both the dielectric constant and the Kerr constant are enhanced by the presence of the double layer, to a high frequency behavior, where both quantities take the value expected for unchanged particles in an insulating medium. The shape of the frequency dispersion of the Kerr constant coincides with that of the dielectric constant, but the cut-off frequencies are the same only when the zeta-potential of the particles is low.",
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Frequency dependence of the dielectric and electro-optic response in suspensions of charged rod-like colloidal particles. / Delgado, A. V.; Carrique, F.; Arrojo, F. J.; Bellini, Tommaso; Mantegazza, Francesco; Giardini, Mario Ettore; Degiorgio, Vittorio.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 140, 23.11.1998, p. 157-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Frequency dependence of the dielectric and electro-optic response in suspensions of charged rod-like colloidal particles

AU - Delgado, A. V.

AU - Carrique, F.

AU - Arrojo, F. J.

AU - Bellini, Tommaso

AU - Mantegazza, Francesco

AU - Giardini, Mario Ettore

AU - Degiorgio, Vittorio

PY - 1998/11/23

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AB - We have performed an experimental investigation on the electrokinetic properties of charged rod-like fluorinated latex colloids. Systematic measurements of electrophoretic mobility, dielectric constant and electric birefringence have been performed as a function of the concentration of added nonionic surfactant and salt. In the investigated range of parameters, the zeta potential is a strongly decreasing function of the concentration of nonionic surfactant, while it is basically independent from ionic strength. We have obtained the frequency dependence of dielectric constant and Kerr constant as a function of zeta-potential and ionic strength. We observe the transition from a low frequency behavior, where both the dielectric constant and the Kerr constant are enhanced by the presence of the double layer, to a high frequency behavior, where both quantities take the value expected for unchanged particles in an insulating medium. The shape of the frequency dispersion of the Kerr constant coincides with that of the dielectric constant, but the cut-off frequencies are the same only when the zeta-potential of the particles is low.

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