Fouling release coating application as an environmentally efficient retrofit: a case study of a ferry-type ship

Eduardo Blanco-Davis, Francisco del Castillo, Peilin Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


The paper introduces a simple retrofit performed on a case study vessel, with the aim of assessing the retrofit’s potential environmental impacts via doing a life cycle assessment. Additionally, the case presented herein strives to evidence the applicability of life cycle assessment (LCA) appraisals within shipyard representatives or managers. The environmental results shown in this paper are related to cost calculations presented for the selected retrofit, underlining the potential environmental impacts from the retrofit, while appraising its economic performance. The paper strives to evidence that significant savings with regard to fuel costs can be achieved by the application of this retrofit to ships with a similar operational profile, but more importantly, the improved operational efficiency and the emission reductions can be noteworthy. Lastly, the results summarised intend to offer an optimistic context towards the implementation of the retrofit at a larger scale, i.e. a section of the existing fleet.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1705-1715
Number of pages11
JournalThe International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment
Issue number10
Early online date10 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014


  • fouling release coatings
  • GHG emission reduction
  • LCA
  • maritime transportation
  • shipbuilding
  • ship repair
  • retrofit

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