Forced convection spinning of hollow fibre membranes: modelling of mass transfer in the dry gap, and prediction of active layer thickness and depth of orientation

Simon Shilton

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A mass transfer model has been developed to predict the likely solvent evaporation rates within the forced convection chamber during hollow fibre membrane spinning. Two modes of mass transfer are considered to occur potentially: laminar forced convection describes the loss of solvent from the surface of the hollow fibre as it passes through the chamber generally, whereas transfer correlations relating to flow normal to a cylinder describe conditions when the fibre passes the point at which the forced convection gas enters the chamber – the ‘impingement zone’. Skin formation and depth of molecular orientation are discussed in the context of these two possible mass transfer regions. For ambient temperature systems, the membrane skin may be formed substantially during laminar forced convection before the impingement zone is encountered. The role of molecular orientation may be important in setting skin thickness in these systems since the depths of oriented skin predicted by the model can more closely reflect the active layer thicknesses calculated from experimental pressure-normalised fluxes and permeability coefficients. At higher temperatures, active layers tend to be much thicker. The impingement zone may account for significant increases in skin growth in these high temperature, high concentration/viscosity cases. It is hoped that the model outlined here provides a framework for better understanding of the phenomena at play within the forced convection chamber.
LanguageEnglish
Pages620-626
Number of pages7
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume118
Issue number30 October
Early online date8 Aug 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2013

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Forced convection
Skin
Mass transfer
Membranes
Fibers
Molecular orientation
Hydraulic conductivity
Temperature
Evaporation
Gases
Viscosity
Fluxes

Keywords

  • hollow fibre membranes
  • mass transfer
  • convection spinning
  • mass transfer modelling
  • skin growth

Cite this

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title = "Forced convection spinning of hollow fibre membranes: modelling of mass transfer in the dry gap, and prediction of active layer thickness and depth of orientation",
abstract = "A mass transfer model has been developed to predict the likely solvent evaporation rates within the forced convection chamber during hollow fibre membrane spinning. Two modes of mass transfer are considered to occur potentially: laminar forced convection describes the loss of solvent from the surface of the hollow fibre as it passes through the chamber generally, whereas transfer correlations relating to flow normal to a cylinder describe conditions when the fibre passes the point at which the forced convection gas enters the chamber – the ‘impingement zone’. Skin formation and depth of molecular orientation are discussed in the context of these two possible mass transfer regions. For ambient temperature systems, the membrane skin may be formed substantially during laminar forced convection before the impingement zone is encountered. The role of molecular orientation may be important in setting skin thickness in these systems since the depths of oriented skin predicted by the model can more closely reflect the active layer thicknesses calculated from experimental pressure-normalised fluxes and permeability coefficients. At higher temperatures, active layers tend to be much thicker. The impingement zone may account for significant increases in skin growth in these high temperature, high concentration/viscosity cases. It is hoped that the model outlined here provides a framework for better understanding of the phenomena at play within the forced convection chamber.",
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T2 - Separation and Purification Technology

AU - Shilton, Simon

PY - 2013/10/30

Y1 - 2013/10/30

N2 - A mass transfer model has been developed to predict the likely solvent evaporation rates within the forced convection chamber during hollow fibre membrane spinning. Two modes of mass transfer are considered to occur potentially: laminar forced convection describes the loss of solvent from the surface of the hollow fibre as it passes through the chamber generally, whereas transfer correlations relating to flow normal to a cylinder describe conditions when the fibre passes the point at which the forced convection gas enters the chamber – the ‘impingement zone’. Skin formation and depth of molecular orientation are discussed in the context of these two possible mass transfer regions. For ambient temperature systems, the membrane skin may be formed substantially during laminar forced convection before the impingement zone is encountered. The role of molecular orientation may be important in setting skin thickness in these systems since the depths of oriented skin predicted by the model can more closely reflect the active layer thicknesses calculated from experimental pressure-normalised fluxes and permeability coefficients. At higher temperatures, active layers tend to be much thicker. The impingement zone may account for significant increases in skin growth in these high temperature, high concentration/viscosity cases. It is hoped that the model outlined here provides a framework for better understanding of the phenomena at play within the forced convection chamber.

AB - A mass transfer model has been developed to predict the likely solvent evaporation rates within the forced convection chamber during hollow fibre membrane spinning. Two modes of mass transfer are considered to occur potentially: laminar forced convection describes the loss of solvent from the surface of the hollow fibre as it passes through the chamber generally, whereas transfer correlations relating to flow normal to a cylinder describe conditions when the fibre passes the point at which the forced convection gas enters the chamber – the ‘impingement zone’. Skin formation and depth of molecular orientation are discussed in the context of these two possible mass transfer regions. For ambient temperature systems, the membrane skin may be formed substantially during laminar forced convection before the impingement zone is encountered. The role of molecular orientation may be important in setting skin thickness in these systems since the depths of oriented skin predicted by the model can more closely reflect the active layer thicknesses calculated from experimental pressure-normalised fluxes and permeability coefficients. At higher temperatures, active layers tend to be much thicker. The impingement zone may account for significant increases in skin growth in these high temperature, high concentration/viscosity cases. It is hoped that the model outlined here provides a framework for better understanding of the phenomena at play within the forced convection chamber.

KW - hollow fibre membranes

KW - mass transfer

KW - convection spinning

KW - mass transfer modelling

KW - skin growth

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