Fluorescent protein senses and reports mechanical damage in glass-fiber-reinforced polymer composites

Katarzyna Makyła, Christoph Müller, Samuel Lörcher, Thomas Winkler, Martin G. Nussbaumer, Michaela Eder, Nico Bruns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)


Yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) is used as a mechanoresponsive layer at the fiber/resin interface in glass-fiber-reinforced composites. The protein loses its fluorescence when subjected to mechanical stress. Within the material, it reports interfacial shear debonding and barely visible impact damage by a transition from a fluorescent to a non-fluorescent state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2701-2706
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2013



  • impact damage
  • mechanophore
  • polymer-protein hybrid material
  • self-sensing fiber-reinforced composite
  • yellow fluorescent protein

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