Flow velocity measurement using a spatial averaging method with two-dimensional flexural ultrasonic array technology

Lei Kang, Andrew Feeney, Riliang Su, David Lines, Sivaram Nishal Ramadas, George Rowlands, Steven Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Accurate average flow velocity determination is essential for flow measurement in many industries, including automotive, chemical, and oil and gas. The ultrasonic transit-time method is common for average flow velocity measurement, but current limitations restrict measurement accuracy, including fluid dynamic effects from unavoidable phenomena such as turbulence, swirls or vortices, and systematic flow meter errors in calibration or configuration. A new spatial averaging method is proposed, based on flexural ultrasonic array transducer technology, to improve measurement accuracy and reduce the uncertainty of the measurement results. A novel two-dimensional flexural ultrasonic array transducer is developed to validate this measurement method, comprising eight individual elements, each forming distinct paths to a single ultrasonic transducer. These paths are distributed in two chordal planes, symmetric and adjacent to a diametral plane. It is demonstrated that the root-mean-square deviation of the average flow velocity, computed using the spatial averaging method with the array transducer is 2.94%, which is lower compared to that of the individual paths ranging from 3.65% to 8.87% with an average of 6.90%. This is advantageous for improving the accuracy and reducing the uncertainty of classical single-path ultrasonic flow meters, and also for conventional multi-path ultrasonic flow meters through the measurement via each flow plane with reduced uncertainty. This research will drive new developments in ultrasonic flow measurement in a wide range of industrial applications.
LanguageEnglish
Article number4786
Number of pages13
JournalSensors
Volume19
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019

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Flow measurement
velocity measurement
Ultrasonics
Flow velocity
Velocity measurement
flow velocity
ultrasonics
Technology
Transducers
transducers
Uncertainty
flow measurement
Ultrasonic measurement
Ultrasonic transducers
Fluid dynamics
Automotive industry
Industrial applications
Oils
Vortex flow
Turbulence

Keywords

  • transit-time ultrasonic flow measurement
  • flow velocity
  • spatial averaging
  • flexural ultrasonic array transducer

Cite this

Kang, Lei ; Feeney, Andrew ; Su, Riliang ; Lines, David ; Ramadas, Sivaram Nishal ; Rowlands, George ; Dixon, Steven . / Flow velocity measurement using a spatial averaging method with two-dimensional flexural ultrasonic array technology. In: Sensors. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 21.
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abstract = "Accurate average flow velocity determination is essential for flow measurement in many industries, including automotive, chemical, and oil and gas. The ultrasonic transit-time method is common for average flow velocity measurement, but current limitations restrict measurement accuracy, including fluid dynamic effects from unavoidable phenomena such as turbulence, swirls or vortices, and systematic flow meter errors in calibration or configuration. A new spatial averaging method is proposed, based on flexural ultrasonic array transducer technology, to improve measurement accuracy and reduce the uncertainty of the measurement results. A novel two-dimensional flexural ultrasonic array transducer is developed to validate this measurement method, comprising eight individual elements, each forming distinct paths to a single ultrasonic transducer. These paths are distributed in two chordal planes, symmetric and adjacent to a diametral plane. It is demonstrated that the root-mean-square deviation of the average flow velocity, computed using the spatial averaging method with the array transducer is 2.94{\%}, which is lower compared to that of the individual paths ranging from 3.65{\%} to 8.87{\%} with an average of 6.90{\%}. This is advantageous for improving the accuracy and reducing the uncertainty of classical single-path ultrasonic flow meters, and also for conventional multi-path ultrasonic flow meters through the measurement via each flow plane with reduced uncertainty. This research will drive new developments in ultrasonic flow measurement in a wide range of industrial applications.",
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Flow velocity measurement using a spatial averaging method with two-dimensional flexural ultrasonic array technology. / Kang, Lei; Feeney, Andrew; Su, Riliang; Lines, David; Ramadas, Sivaram Nishal; Rowlands, George; Dixon, Steven .

In: Sensors, Vol. 19, No. 21, 4786, 04.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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