Flow characterization of magnesium alloy ZK61 during hot deformation with improved constitutive equations and using activation energy maps

Jinchuan Long, Qinxiang Xia, Gangfeng Xiao, Yi Qin, Shuai Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study aimed at characterizing the flow characteristics and workability of an as-extruded magnesium alloy ZK61 by isothermal compression tests performed at temperatures of 523–673 K and strain rates of 0.001–1s−1. The flow stress curves were analysed via considering the mechanism of microstructure evolution. Using the obtained flow stress data, both of the conventional and improved Arrhenius constitutive equations were developed to predict the flow characteristics, and the 3D activation energy maps were constructed to propose the optimal deformation conditions and reveal the effects of deformation parameters on microstructure evolution. It can be found that the strain factor plays an important role in determining the shapes of the flow stress curves, which exhibit three types of variation tendencies due to the flow softening and hardening behaviour as the strain increases. The improved constitutive equations resulted in excellent predictability of the peak flow stress within all the deformation conditions. Combining with the activation energy maps, the dominant deformation
mechanisms, i.e., dynamic recrystallization and flow localization in different deformation regions were identified, and the optimal processing window of the alloy can be obtained at strain rate and temperature range of 0.001– 0.01s−1 and 623 ~ 673 K under a strain of 0.9.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106069
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Volume191
Early online date6 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • magnessium alloys
  • hot deformation
  • flow characteristics
  • workability
  • constitutive equations
  • activation energy map

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