Finite element modeling of nonequilibrium fluid-wall interaction at high-Mach regime

Marie-Eve Dumas, Wagdi G. Habashi, Guido S. Baruzzi, Dario Isola, Marco Fossati

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The numerical modeling of the aerodynamic interactions at high-Altitudes and high-Mach numbers is considered in view of its importance when studying problems where the continuum hypothesis at the foundation of the Navier- Stokes equations becomes invalid. One of the difficulties associated with these flight conditions is that both the velocity and the temperature of the fluid do not abide by the no-slip conditions at the wall. A weak Galerkin finite element formulation of the Maxwell-Smoluchowki model is introduced to discretize the velocity slip and temperature jump conditions with better accuracy than the standard finite element approximation. The methodology is assessed on configurations such as cylinders and spheres for flow conditions ranging from quasi-equilibrium to nonequilibrium. Improvements are observed in the slip regime compared with available data. Nonetheless, the results in the transition regime highlight the need for more sophisticated physical modeling to address nonequilibrium at the wall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2330-2339
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Aircraft
Issue number6
Early online date16 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2017


  • flight conditions
  • high altitudes
  • velocity
  • temperature jump conditions
  • flow conditions


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