Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions

K. Quinn, C.A. Cecchetti, B. Ramakrishna, L. Romagnani, G. Sarri, P. A. Wilson, M. Borghesi, L. Lancia, J. Fuchs, A. Pipahl, T. Toncian, O. Willi, R. J. Clarke, P. Gallegos, D. Neely, M. Notley, D. Carroll, M. Quinn, X. Yuan, P. McKenna & 2 others A. Macchi, T. V. Liseykina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

The electromagnetic fields generated following the interaction of a 3x1019 W cm-2 infrared pulse with a gold wire have been investigated using the well-documented proton radiography diagnostic. The pulse is observed to drive a transient current along the length of the wire, the spread velocity of which is confidently measured via a novel experimental arrangement to be ~c. Within a temporal window of 20 ps, the current rises to its peak magnitude ~104 A before decaying to below measurable levels. Both PIC simulation results and simple theoretical reasoning are used to demonstrate that the ultrafast target charging and transient current observed are a direct product of the permanent escape of a small fraction of the laser-accelerated hot electron population to vacuum. Additional shots were performed at a similar intensity using target materials of varying atomic number. The development of fine-scale filamentary structures normal to the wire surface was observed. Notably, (i) the growth times of these structures and (ii) the Z-dependence of their spatial wavelength were found to be consistent with those of the electrothermal instability proposed by Haines. The findings of this research are of relevance to fast ignition and a number of schemes for the optimisation of a laser-driven proton beam to its minimal bandwidth and divergence angle.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Abstracts
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)9781424426188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2009
Event2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - San Diego, United States
Duration: 1 Jun 20095 Jun 2009

Conference

Conference2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
Abbreviated titleICOPS 2009
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period1/06/095/06/09

Fingerprint

Solid state lasers
high power lasers
filaments
wire
Wire
Diagnostic radiography
Proton beams
Hot electrons
Lasers
interactions
radiography
pulses
proton beams
hot electrons
Electromagnetic fields
ignition
shot
escape
lasers
charging

Keywords

  • electromagnetic fields
  • proton radiography diagnostic
  • gold wire

Cite this

Quinn, K., Cecchetti, C. A., Ramakrishna, B., Romagnani, L., Sarri, G., Wilson, P. A., ... Liseykina, T. V. (2009). Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions. In 2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Abstracts [5227665] Piscataway, NJ: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/PLASMA.2009.5227665
Quinn, K. ; Cecchetti, C.A. ; Ramakrishna, B. ; Romagnani, L. ; Sarri, G. ; Wilson, P. A. ; Borghesi, M. ; Lancia, L. ; Fuchs, J. ; Pipahl, A. ; Toncian, T. ; Willi, O. ; Clarke, R. J. ; Gallegos, P. ; Neely, D. ; Notley, M. ; Carroll, D. ; Quinn, M. ; Yuan, X. ; McKenna, P. ; Macchi, A. ; Liseykina, T. V. / Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions. 2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Abstracts. Piscataway, NJ : IEEE, 2009.
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title = "Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions",
abstract = "The electromagnetic fields generated following the interaction of a 3x1019 W cm-2 infrared pulse with a gold wire have been investigated using the well-documented proton radiography diagnostic. The pulse is observed to drive a transient current along the length of the wire, the spread velocity of which is confidently measured via a novel experimental arrangement to be ~c. Within a temporal window of 20 ps, the current rises to its peak magnitude ~104 A before decaying to below measurable levels. Both PIC simulation results and simple theoretical reasoning are used to demonstrate that the ultrafast target charging and transient current observed are a direct product of the permanent escape of a small fraction of the laser-accelerated hot electron population to vacuum. Additional shots were performed at a similar intensity using target materials of varying atomic number. The development of fine-scale filamentary structures normal to the wire surface was observed. Notably, (i) the growth times of these structures and (ii) the Z-dependence of their spatial wavelength were found to be consistent with those of the electrothermal instability proposed by Haines. The findings of this research are of relevance to fast ignition and a number of schemes for the optimisation of a laser-driven proton beam to its minimal bandwidth and divergence angle.",
keywords = "electromagnetic fields, proton radiography diagnostic, gold wire",
author = "K. Quinn and C.A. Cecchetti and B. Ramakrishna and L. Romagnani and G. Sarri and Wilson, {P. A.} and M. Borghesi and L. Lancia and J. Fuchs and A. Pipahl and T. Toncian and O. Willi and Clarke, {R. J.} and P. Gallegos and D. Neely and M. Notley and D. Carroll and M. Quinn and X. Yuan and P. McKenna and A. Macchi and Liseykina, {T. V.}",
year = "2009",
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day = "28",
doi = "10.1109/PLASMA.2009.5227665",
language = "English",
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Quinn, K, Cecchetti, CA, Ramakrishna, B, Romagnani, L, Sarri, G, Wilson, PA, Borghesi, M, Lancia, L, Fuchs, J, Pipahl, A, Toncian, T, Willi, O, Clarke, RJ, Gallegos, P, Neely, D, Notley, M, Carroll, D, Quinn, M, Yuan, X, McKenna, P, Macchi, A & Liseykina, TV 2009, Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions. in 2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Abstracts., 5227665, IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, 2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, San Diego, United States, 1/06/09. https://doi.org/10.1109/PLASMA.2009.5227665

Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions. / Quinn, K.; Cecchetti, C.A.; Ramakrishna, B.; Romagnani, L.; Sarri, G.; Wilson, P. A.; Borghesi, M.; Lancia, L.; Fuchs, J.; Pipahl, A.; Toncian, T.; Willi, O.; Clarke, R. J.; Gallegos, P.; Neely, D.; Notley, M.; Carroll, D.; Quinn, M.; Yuan, X.; McKenna, P.; Macchi, A.; Liseykina, T. V.

2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Abstracts. Piscataway, NJ : IEEE, 2009. 5227665.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions

AU - Quinn, K.

AU - Cecchetti, C.A.

AU - Ramakrishna, B.

AU - Romagnani, L.

AU - Sarri, G.

AU - Wilson, P. A.

AU - Borghesi, M.

AU - Lancia, L.

AU - Fuchs, J.

AU - Pipahl, A.

AU - Toncian, T.

AU - Willi, O.

AU - Clarke, R. J.

AU - Gallegos, P.

AU - Neely, D.

AU - Notley, M.

AU - Carroll, D.

AU - Quinn, M.

AU - Yuan, X.

AU - McKenna, P.

AU - Macchi, A.

AU - Liseykina, T. V.

PY - 2009/8/28

Y1 - 2009/8/28

N2 - The electromagnetic fields generated following the interaction of a 3x1019 W cm-2 infrared pulse with a gold wire have been investigated using the well-documented proton radiography diagnostic. The pulse is observed to drive a transient current along the length of the wire, the spread velocity of which is confidently measured via a novel experimental arrangement to be ~c. Within a temporal window of 20 ps, the current rises to its peak magnitude ~104 A before decaying to below measurable levels. Both PIC simulation results and simple theoretical reasoning are used to demonstrate that the ultrafast target charging and transient current observed are a direct product of the permanent escape of a small fraction of the laser-accelerated hot electron population to vacuum. Additional shots were performed at a similar intensity using target materials of varying atomic number. The development of fine-scale filamentary structures normal to the wire surface was observed. Notably, (i) the growth times of these structures and (ii) the Z-dependence of their spatial wavelength were found to be consistent with those of the electrothermal instability proposed by Haines. The findings of this research are of relevance to fast ignition and a number of schemes for the optimisation of a laser-driven proton beam to its minimal bandwidth and divergence angle.

AB - The electromagnetic fields generated following the interaction of a 3x1019 W cm-2 infrared pulse with a gold wire have been investigated using the well-documented proton radiography diagnostic. The pulse is observed to drive a transient current along the length of the wire, the spread velocity of which is confidently measured via a novel experimental arrangement to be ~c. Within a temporal window of 20 ps, the current rises to its peak magnitude ~104 A before decaying to below measurable levels. Both PIC simulation results and simple theoretical reasoning are used to demonstrate that the ultrafast target charging and transient current observed are a direct product of the permanent escape of a small fraction of the laser-accelerated hot electron population to vacuum. Additional shots were performed at a similar intensity using target materials of varying atomic number. The development of fine-scale filamentary structures normal to the wire surface was observed. Notably, (i) the growth times of these structures and (ii) the Z-dependence of their spatial wavelength were found to be consistent with those of the electrothermal instability proposed by Haines. The findings of this research are of relevance to fast ignition and a number of schemes for the optimisation of a laser-driven proton beam to its minimal bandwidth and divergence angle.

KW - electromagnetic fields

KW - proton radiography diagnostic

KW - gold wire

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U2 - 10.1109/PLASMA.2009.5227665

DO - 10.1109/PLASMA.2009.5227665

M3 - Conference contribution book

SN - 9781424426188

BT - 2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Abstracts

PB - IEEE

CY - Piscataway, NJ

ER -

Quinn K, Cecchetti CA, Ramakrishna B, Romagnani L, Sarri G, Wilson PA et al. Field dynamics and filament growth following high-intensity laser-solid interactions. In 2009 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Abstracts. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE. 2009. 5227665 https://doi.org/10.1109/PLASMA.2009.5227665