Fault ride-through enhancement of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids using resistive-type SFCL

Doaa M. Yehia, Diaa-Eldin A. Mansour, Weijia Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Integrating permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) wind turbines with DC microgrids have attracted a great attention due to the inherent merits of DC systems. However, under the fault conditions, the excessive energy during fault will be reflected on PMSG rotating parts causing overspeed, mechanical stresses, and fast aging. Also, large fault currents will force generator-side converter to disconnect making it not complied with grid codes. Accordingly, this paper aims to apply superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to enhance the performance of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids under the fault conditions. PSCAD/EMTDC software is used to build the system under study that includes PMSG, controlled AC/DC converter, SFCL, and DC bus. The behavior of SFCL in enhancing the DC output of the converter is first studied. Then, the impact of using SFCL on the speed, torque, and output current of PMSG is investigated and discussed. Finally, the suitable current limiting resistance is adopted considering DC output as well as PMSG speed.

LanguageEnglish
Article number5603105
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume28
Issue number4
Early online date30 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

Superconducting fault current limiters
wind turbines
Synchronous generators
permanent magnets
Wind turbines
Permanent magnets
generators
direct current
augmentation
converters
output
Electric fault currents
rotating generators
Torque
Aging of materials
torque
alternating current
grids
computer programs

Keywords

  • current limiting resistance
  • DC microgrids
  • PMSG wind turbines
  • superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL)

Cite this

@article{6c150aa154dc430fbf7d022c00b245fa,
title = "Fault ride-through enhancement of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids using resistive-type SFCL",
abstract = "Integrating permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) wind turbines with DC microgrids have attracted a great attention due to the inherent merits of DC systems. However, under the fault conditions, the excessive energy during fault will be reflected on PMSG rotating parts causing overspeed, mechanical stresses, and fast aging. Also, large fault currents will force generator-side converter to disconnect making it not complied with grid codes. Accordingly, this paper aims to apply superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to enhance the performance of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids under the fault conditions. PSCAD/EMTDC software is used to build the system under study that includes PMSG, controlled AC/DC converter, SFCL, and DC bus. The behavior of SFCL in enhancing the DC output of the converter is first studied. Then, the impact of using SFCL on the speed, torque, and output current of PMSG is investigated and discussed. Finally, the suitable current limiting resistance is adopted considering DC output as well as PMSG speed.",
keywords = "current limiting resistance, DC microgrids, PMSG wind turbines, superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL)",
author = "Yehia, {Doaa M.} and Mansour, {Diaa-Eldin A.} and Weijia Yuan",
note = "{\circledC} 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1109/TASC.2018.2821362",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity",
issn = "1051-8223",
number = "4",

}

Fault ride-through enhancement of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids using resistive-type SFCL. / Yehia, Doaa M.; Mansour, Diaa-Eldin A.; Yuan, Weijia.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 28, No. 4, 5603105, 30.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fault ride-through enhancement of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids using resistive-type SFCL

AU - Yehia, Doaa M.

AU - Mansour, Diaa-Eldin A.

AU - Yuan, Weijia

N1 - © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

PY - 2018/6/30

Y1 - 2018/6/30

N2 - Integrating permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) wind turbines with DC microgrids have attracted a great attention due to the inherent merits of DC systems. However, under the fault conditions, the excessive energy during fault will be reflected on PMSG rotating parts causing overspeed, mechanical stresses, and fast aging. Also, large fault currents will force generator-side converter to disconnect making it not complied with grid codes. Accordingly, this paper aims to apply superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to enhance the performance of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids under the fault conditions. PSCAD/EMTDC software is used to build the system under study that includes PMSG, controlled AC/DC converter, SFCL, and DC bus. The behavior of SFCL in enhancing the DC output of the converter is first studied. Then, the impact of using SFCL on the speed, torque, and output current of PMSG is investigated and discussed. Finally, the suitable current limiting resistance is adopted considering DC output as well as PMSG speed.

AB - Integrating permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) wind turbines with DC microgrids have attracted a great attention due to the inherent merits of DC systems. However, under the fault conditions, the excessive energy during fault will be reflected on PMSG rotating parts causing overspeed, mechanical stresses, and fast aging. Also, large fault currents will force generator-side converter to disconnect making it not complied with grid codes. Accordingly, this paper aims to apply superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to enhance the performance of PMSG wind turbines with DC microgrids under the fault conditions. PSCAD/EMTDC software is used to build the system under study that includes PMSG, controlled AC/DC converter, SFCL, and DC bus. The behavior of SFCL in enhancing the DC output of the converter is first studied. Then, the impact of using SFCL on the speed, torque, and output current of PMSG is investigated and discussed. Finally, the suitable current limiting resistance is adopted considering DC output as well as PMSG speed.

KW - current limiting resistance

KW - DC microgrids

KW - PMSG wind turbines

KW - superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044746435&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://researchportal.bath.ac.uk/en/publications/fault-ride-through-enhancement-of-pmsg-wind-turbines-with-dc-micr

U2 - 10.1109/TASC.2018.2821362

DO - 10.1109/TASC.2018.2821362

M3 - Article

VL - 28

JO - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

T2 - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

JF - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

SN - 1051-8223

IS - 4

M1 - 5603105

ER -