Fault diagnosis model for power transformers based on information fusion

Ming Dong, Zhang Yan, Li Yang, Martin D. Judd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Methods used to assess the insulation status of power transformers before they deteriorate to a critical state include dissolved gas analysis (DGA), partial discharge (PD) detection and transfer function techniques, etc. All of these approaches require experience in order to correctly interpret the observations. Artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly used to improve interpretation of the individual datasets. However, a satisfactory diagnosis may not be obtained if only one technique is used. For example, the exact location of PD cannot be predicted if only DGA is performed. However, using diverse methods may result in different diagnosis solutions, a problem that is addressed in this paper through the introduction of a fuzzy information infusion model. An inference scheme is proposed that yields consistent conclusions and manages the inherent uncertainty in the various methods. With the aid of information fusion, a framework is established that allows different diagnostic tools to be combined in a systematic way. The application of information fusion technique for insulation diagnostics of transformers is proved promising by means of examples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1524
Number of pages7
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005


  • condition monitoring
  • DGA
  • information fusion
  • insulation diagnostics
  • power transformers

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