Fate and effects of enrofloxacin in aquatic systems under different light conditions

C.W. Knapp, L.A. Cardoza, J.N. Hawes, E.M.H. Wellington, C.K. Larive, D.W. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The fate and effects of fluoroquinolone antibacterials (FQ) in the environment is of significance because of apparent increased FQ resistance in environmental and clinical organisms. Here we simultaneously assessed the fate and effects of enrofloxacin (enro), an FQ often used in agriculture, on the chemistry and in situ microbial communities in receiving waters. We added enro to 25 mu g/L in nine outdoor mesocosms maintained under three light conditions (in triplicate): full sunlight typical of the upper epilimnion (100% full-light exposure, FLE), partial shading typical of the lower epilimnion (28% FILE), and near-complete shading typical of the hypolimnion (0.5% FILE). Enro disappearance and ciprofloxacin (cipro) formation were monitored overtime using LC/MS, and water chemistry and ambient microbial communities (using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; DGGE) were characterized. Enro half-lives were 0.8, 3.7, and 72 days for the 100%, 28%, and 0.5% FLE treatments, respectively, creating three distinct FQ exposure scenarios. Although FQ exposures ranged from similar to 6 mu g/L for 24 h to similar to 21 mu g/L for 30 days, no statistically significant exposure effects were noted in water quality or microbial communities (as indicated by whole-community 16S rDNA DGGE analysis and specific amplification of the QRDR region of gyrase A). Small changes in water chemistry were noted over time; however, changes could not be specifically attributed to FQs. In general, enro addition had minimal effect on water column conditions at the levels and durations used here; however, further investigation is needed to assess effects in aquatic sediments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9140-9146
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume39
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

Fingerprint

Fluoroquinolones
microbial community
epilimnion
Water
shading
water chemistry
hypolimnion
Ciprofloxacin
Ribosomal DNA
Electrophoresis
half life
Agriculture
Water quality
Amplification
amplification
electrokinesis
Sediments
gel
water column
Gels

Keywords

  • fate
  • effects
  • enrofloxacin
  • aquatic systems
  • light conditions
  • microbiology
  • chemistry

Cite this

Knapp, C. W., Cardoza, L. A., Hawes, J. N., Wellington, E. M. H., Larive, C. K., & Graham, D. W. (2005). Fate and effects of enrofloxacin in aquatic systems under different light conditions. Environmental Science and Technology, 39(23), 9140-9146. https://doi.org/10.1021/es050895l
Knapp, C.W. ; Cardoza, L.A. ; Hawes, J.N. ; Wellington, E.M.H. ; Larive, C.K. ; Graham, D.W. / Fate and effects of enrofloxacin in aquatic systems under different light conditions. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2005 ; Vol. 39, No. 23. pp. 9140-9146.
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Knapp, CW, Cardoza, LA, Hawes, JN, Wellington, EMH, Larive, CK & Graham, DW 2005, 'Fate and effects of enrofloxacin in aquatic systems under different light conditions', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 39, no. 23, pp. 9140-9146. https://doi.org/10.1021/es050895l

Fate and effects of enrofloxacin in aquatic systems under different light conditions. / Knapp, C.W.; Cardoza, L.A.; Hawes, J.N.; Wellington, E.M.H.; Larive, C.K.; Graham, D.W.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 39, No. 23, 12.2005, p. 9140-9146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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