Fast frequency response from energy storage systems - a review of grid standards, projects and technical issues

Lexuan Meng, Jawwad Zafar, Shafiuzzaman K. Khadem, Alan Collinson, Kyle C. Murchie, Federico Coffele, Graeme M. Burt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Electric power systems foresee challenges in stability due to the high penetration of power electronics interfaced renewable energy sources. The value of energy storage systems (ESS) to provide fast frequency response has been more and more recognized. Although the development of energy storage technologies has made ESSs technically feasible to be integrated in larger scale with required performance, the policies, grid codes and economic issues are still presenting barriers for wider application and investment. Recent years, a few regions and countries have designed new services to meet the upcoming grid challenges. A number of grid-scale ESS projects are also implemented aiming to trial performance, demonstrate values, and gain experience. This paper makes a review on the above mentioned aspects, including the emerging frequency regulation services, updated grid codes and grid-scale ESS projects. Some key technical issues are also discussed and prospects are outlined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1566-1581
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Volume11
Issue number2
Early online date10 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • frequency response
  • energy storage
  • grid code

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