Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia

Qiteng Hong, Marcel Nedd, Seán Norris, Ibrahim Abdulhadi, Mazaher Karimi, Vladimir Terzija, Benjamin Marshall, Keith Bell, Campbell Booth

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

265 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The increasing penetration of renewable generation has led to the decrease of power systems' overall inertia, which introduces significant challenges to frequency stability. In this paper, the potential of using Fast Frequency Response (FFR) to enhance frequency control in power systems with low inertia is investigated in detail. A Generic System Frequency Response (GSFR) model taking into account of the penetration level of Non-Synchronous Generation (NSG) and FFR has been developed and used to investigate the impact of reduced inertia on frequency control and demonstrate that the amount of reserve power to be scheduled can be significantly reduced with the deployment of FFR. The impact of the different FFR resources' characteristics (e.g. response delay, ramp rate, etc.) on the effectiveness of frequency control is also investigated, based on which the desirable specifications for FFR schemes are summarised. These desirable properties of FFR schemes are taken into account in the design of a wide-area monitoring and control system termed "Enhanced Frequency Control Capability (EFCC)", which is proposed for the delivery of FFR in the future Great Britain transmission system. The design and operation of the EFCC scheme are presented, along with a case study demonstrating its effectiveness in enhancing the frequency control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 Mar 2018
EventThe 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission - Chengdu, China
Duration: 28 Jun 201829 Jun 2018
http://acdc2018.events.theiet.org.cn/

Conference

ConferenceThe 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission
CountryChina
CityChengdu
Period28/06/1829/06/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Frequency response
Frequency stability
Specifications
Control systems
Monitoring

Keywords

  • low inertia
  • frequency control
  • wide-area monitoring and control
  • PMUs
  • renewable generation

Cite this

Hong, Q., Nedd, M., Norris, S., Abdulhadi, I., Karimi, M., Terzija, V., ... Booth, C. (Accepted/In press). Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia. 1-8. Paper presented at The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, Chengdu, China.
Hong, Qiteng ; Nedd, Marcel ; Norris, Seán ; Abdulhadi, Ibrahim ; Karimi, Mazaher ; Terzija, Vladimir ; Marshall, Benjamin ; Bell, Keith ; Booth, Campbell. / Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia. Paper presented at The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, Chengdu, China.8 p.
@conference{4b5729423fea4b24b8194abe1972174c,
title = "Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia",
abstract = "The increasing penetration of renewable generation has led to the decrease of power systems' overall inertia, which introduces significant challenges to frequency stability. In this paper, the potential of using Fast Frequency Response (FFR) to enhance frequency control in power systems with low inertia is investigated in detail. A Generic System Frequency Response (GSFR) model taking into account of the penetration level of Non-Synchronous Generation (NSG) and FFR has been developed and used to investigate the impact of reduced inertia on frequency control and demonstrate that the amount of reserve power to be scheduled can be significantly reduced with the deployment of FFR. The impact of the different FFR resources' characteristics (e.g. response delay, ramp rate, etc.) on the effectiveness of frequency control is also investigated, based on which the desirable specifications for FFR schemes are summarised. These desirable properties of FFR schemes are taken into account in the design of a wide-area monitoring and control system termed {"}Enhanced Frequency Control Capability (EFCC){"}, which is proposed for the delivery of FFR in the future Great Britain transmission system. The design and operation of the EFCC scheme are presented, along with a case study demonstrating its effectiveness in enhancing the frequency control.",
keywords = "low inertia, frequency control, wide-area monitoring and control, PMUs, renewable generation",
author = "Qiteng Hong and Marcel Nedd and Se{\'a}n Norris and Ibrahim Abdulhadi and Mazaher Karimi and Vladimir Terzija and Benjamin Marshall and Keith Bell and Campbell Booth",
note = "This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted to The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at IET Digital Library.; The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission ; Conference date: 28-06-2018 Through 29-06-2018",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "11",
language = "English",
pages = "1--8",
url = "http://acdc2018.events.theiet.org.cn/",

}

Hong, Q, Nedd, M, Norris, S, Abdulhadi, I, Karimi, M, Terzija, V, Marshall, B, Bell, K & Booth, C 2018, 'Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia', Paper presented at The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, Chengdu, China, 28/06/18 - 29/06/18 pp. 1-8.

Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia. / Hong, Qiteng; Nedd, Marcel; Norris, Seán; Abdulhadi, Ibrahim; Karimi, Mazaher; Terzija, Vladimir; Marshall, Benjamin; Bell, Keith; Booth, Campbell.

2018. 1-8 Paper presented at The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, Chengdu, China.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia

AU - Hong, Qiteng

AU - Nedd, Marcel

AU - Norris, Seán

AU - Abdulhadi, Ibrahim

AU - Karimi, Mazaher

AU - Terzija, Vladimir

AU - Marshall, Benjamin

AU - Bell, Keith

AU - Booth, Campbell

N1 - This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted to The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at IET Digital Library.

PY - 2018/3/11

Y1 - 2018/3/11

N2 - The increasing penetration of renewable generation has led to the decrease of power systems' overall inertia, which introduces significant challenges to frequency stability. In this paper, the potential of using Fast Frequency Response (FFR) to enhance frequency control in power systems with low inertia is investigated in detail. A Generic System Frequency Response (GSFR) model taking into account of the penetration level of Non-Synchronous Generation (NSG) and FFR has been developed and used to investigate the impact of reduced inertia on frequency control and demonstrate that the amount of reserve power to be scheduled can be significantly reduced with the deployment of FFR. The impact of the different FFR resources' characteristics (e.g. response delay, ramp rate, etc.) on the effectiveness of frequency control is also investigated, based on which the desirable specifications for FFR schemes are summarised. These desirable properties of FFR schemes are taken into account in the design of a wide-area monitoring and control system termed "Enhanced Frequency Control Capability (EFCC)", which is proposed for the delivery of FFR in the future Great Britain transmission system. The design and operation of the EFCC scheme are presented, along with a case study demonstrating its effectiveness in enhancing the frequency control.

AB - The increasing penetration of renewable generation has led to the decrease of power systems' overall inertia, which introduces significant challenges to frequency stability. In this paper, the potential of using Fast Frequency Response (FFR) to enhance frequency control in power systems with low inertia is investigated in detail. A Generic System Frequency Response (GSFR) model taking into account of the penetration level of Non-Synchronous Generation (NSG) and FFR has been developed and used to investigate the impact of reduced inertia on frequency control and demonstrate that the amount of reserve power to be scheduled can be significantly reduced with the deployment of FFR. The impact of the different FFR resources' characteristics (e.g. response delay, ramp rate, etc.) on the effectiveness of frequency control is also investigated, based on which the desirable specifications for FFR schemes are summarised. These desirable properties of FFR schemes are taken into account in the design of a wide-area monitoring and control system termed "Enhanced Frequency Control Capability (EFCC)", which is proposed for the delivery of FFR in the future Great Britain transmission system. The design and operation of the EFCC scheme are presented, along with a case study demonstrating its effectiveness in enhancing the frequency control.

KW - low inertia

KW - frequency control

KW - wide-area monitoring and control

KW - PMUs

KW - renewable generation

UR - http://acdc2018.events.theiet.org.cn/

M3 - Paper

SP - 1

EP - 8

ER -

Hong Q, Nedd M, Norris S, Abdulhadi I, Karimi M, Terzija V et al. Fast frequency response for effective frequency control in power systems with low inertia. 2018. Paper presented at The 14th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, Chengdu, China.