Factors controlling the abundance and size distribution of the phototrophic ciliate Myrionecta rubra in open waters of the North Atlantic.

D.J.S. Montagnes, J. Allen, L. Brown, C. Bulit, C. Diaz-Avalos, S. Fielding, Michael Heath, N.P. Holliday, J. Rasmussen, R. Sanders, J.J. Waniek, D. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myrionecta rubra, a ubiquitous planktonic ciliate, has received much attention due to its wide distribution, occurrence as a red tide organism, and unusual cryptophyte endosymbiont. Although well studied in coastal waters, M. rubra is poorly examined in the open ocean. In the Irminger Basin, North Atlantic, the abundance of M. rubra was 0-5 cells/ml, which is low compared with that found in coastal areas. Distinct patchiness (100 km) was revealed by geostatistical analysis. Multiple regression indicated there was little relationship between M. rubra abundance and a number of environmental factors, with the exception of temperature and phytoplankton biomass, which influenced abundance in the spring. We also improve on studies that indicate distinct size classes of M. rubra; we statistically recognise four significantly distinct width classes (5-16, 12-23, 18-27, 21-33 microm), which decrease in abundance with increasing size. A multinomial logistic regression revealed the main variable correlated with this size distribution was ambient nitrate concentration. Finally, we propose a hypothesis for the distribution of sizes, involving nutrients, feeding, and dividing of the endosymbiont.

LanguageEnglish
Pages457-65
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

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Harmful Algal Bloom
Phytoplankton
Oceans and Seas
Nitrates
Biomass
Logistic Models
Food
Temperature
Water

Keywords

  • Cell size
  • protist distribution
  • plankton
  • microzooplankton
  • Mesodinium rubrum

Cite this

Montagnes, D.J.S. ; Allen, J. ; Brown, L. ; Bulit, C. ; Diaz-Avalos, C. ; Fielding, S. ; Heath, Michael ; Holliday, N.P. ; Rasmussen, J. ; Sanders, R. ; Waniek, J.J. ; Wilson, D. / Factors controlling the abundance and size distribution of the phototrophic ciliate Myrionecta rubra in open waters of the North Atlantic. In: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 2008 ; Vol. 55, No. 5. pp. 457-65.
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Montagnes, DJS, Allen, J, Brown, L, Bulit, C, Diaz-Avalos, C, Fielding, S, Heath, M, Holliday, NP, Rasmussen, J, Sanders, R, Waniek, JJ & Wilson, D 2008, 'Factors controlling the abundance and size distribution of the phototrophic ciliate Myrionecta rubra in open waters of the North Atlantic.' Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 457-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00344.x

Factors controlling the abundance and size distribution of the phototrophic ciliate Myrionecta rubra in open waters of the North Atlantic. / Montagnes, D.J.S.; Allen, J.; Brown, L.; Bulit, C.; Diaz-Avalos, C.; Fielding, S.; Heath, Michael; Holliday, N.P.; Rasmussen, J.; Sanders, R.; Waniek, J.J.; Wilson, D.

In: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, Vol. 55, No. 5, 09.2008, p. 457-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Factors controlling the abundance and size distribution of the phototrophic ciliate Myrionecta rubra in open waters of the North Atlantic.

AU - Montagnes, D.J.S.

AU - Allen, J.

AU - Brown, L.

AU - Bulit, C.

AU - Diaz-Avalos, C.

AU - Fielding, S.

AU - Heath, Michael

AU - Holliday, N.P.

AU - Rasmussen, J.

AU - Sanders, R.

AU - Waniek, J.J.

AU - Wilson, D.

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N2 - Myrionecta rubra, a ubiquitous planktonic ciliate, has received much attention due to its wide distribution, occurrence as a red tide organism, and unusual cryptophyte endosymbiont. Although well studied in coastal waters, M. rubra is poorly examined in the open ocean. In the Irminger Basin, North Atlantic, the abundance of M. rubra was 0-5 cells/ml, which is low compared with that found in coastal areas. Distinct patchiness (100 km) was revealed by geostatistical analysis. Multiple regression indicated there was little relationship between M. rubra abundance and a number of environmental factors, with the exception of temperature and phytoplankton biomass, which influenced abundance in the spring. We also improve on studies that indicate distinct size classes of M. rubra; we statistically recognise four significantly distinct width classes (5-16, 12-23, 18-27, 21-33 microm), which decrease in abundance with increasing size. A multinomial logistic regression revealed the main variable correlated with this size distribution was ambient nitrate concentration. Finally, we propose a hypothesis for the distribution of sizes, involving nutrients, feeding, and dividing of the endosymbiont.

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KW - protist distribution

KW - plankton

KW - microzooplankton

KW - Mesodinium rubrum

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T2 - Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology

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