Facilitating problem definition in teams

David Sims, Colin Eden, Sue Jones

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The problems that a team comes to define as needing to be worked on depend upon idiosyncratically defined subjective, qualitative and organizationally political factors affecting the individual members of the team. In this paper we shall argue that Operational Research tends to pay little attention to the process of problem definition and that when it does, the emphasis is towards determining an accurate or correct interpretation of the external situation that the team confronts and the organizational objectives which have been laid down for the team. We suggest, however, that Operational Researchers are particularly well placed to act in a way which pays attention to both these fields. This paper is addressed to those Operational Researchers who predominantly work with complex policy problems belonging to a team of decision-makers. We shall demonstrate that group techniques, new computer simulation technology, and attention to process can lead to a team negotiating a definition and redefinition of a problem so that solutions have a greater commitment from the team, and therefore a higher chance of being implemented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)360-366
    Number of pages6
    JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 1981

    Keywords

    • problem definition
    • teams
    • operational research
    • organizational objectives
    • complex policy problems
    • decision makers
    • group techniques

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