Fabrication of miniature components from ZrO2 powder by combining electrical-field activated sintering technique and micro-forming

Hasan Hijji, Yi Qin, Kunlan Huang, Muhammad Bin Zulkipli, Jie Zhao

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


There is an increased demand for miniature/micro products (such as MEMS) and nanotechnology-based products (such as nano-materials). Micro-manufacturing is a link between Macro-and Nano Manufacturing and an effective means for transferring nanotechnology-product designs into volume production. The micro forming has the potential for low-cost, high volume manufacturing applications. In order to meet the high demands on miniaturised products, a rapid production technique and the system, high flexibility, cost-effectiveness and processing a wide range of materials are needed. Recently, a series of studies have been undertaken to investigate forming miniature/micro-components by using a combination of micro-forming and Electrical-field activated sintering (Micro-FAST). The process uses low voltage and high current density, pressure-assisted densification and synthesis technique, which renders several significant merits. The work to be reported in this paper will be focused on the forming of miniature components from Zirconia (ZrO2) powder, without using binders. Several processing parameters have been investigated, such as pressure, heating rate, heating temperature and holding time, which helped to obtain high-quality parts. Using graphite dies and punches, sample parts (solid cylinders of Ø4.00mm × 4.00 mm) were formed. These were subjected to detailed examinations and analysis, such as analysis of the relative density, hardness at the necks formed among the particles and in the particle bodies, as well as the microstructures. The results showed that directly forming the parts from loose powder is feasible, and by properly designing and control the processing parameters, high-quality parts could be achieved, among which heating temperature and holding time are extremely important. At the same time, due to low conductivity of the powder material, carefully designing the tooling is essentials for ensuring properly heating, pressurisation and cooling.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2018
EventThe 5th International Conference On New Forming Technology - BIAS- Bremer Institut für angewandte Strahltechnik GmbH , Bremen, Germany
Duration: 18 Sep 201821 Sep 2018


ConferenceThe 5th International Conference On New Forming Technology
Abbreviated title ICNFT2018
Internet address


  • micro forming
  • sintering
  • powder
  • zirconia (ZrO2) powder
  • electrical-field activated sintering


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