Expression and function of IL-33/ST2 axis in the central nervous system under normal and diseased conditions

Karen Fairlie-Clarke , Mark Barbour, Chelsey Wilson, Shehla U. Hridi, Debbie Allan, Hui-Rong Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a well-recognised immunomodulatory cytokine which plays critical roles in tissue function and immune-mediated diseases. The abundant expression of IL-33 in brain and spinal cord prompted many scientists to explore its unique role in the central nervous system (CNS) under physiological and pathological conditions. Indeed emerging evidence from over a decade’s research suggests that IL-33 acts as one of the key molecular signalling cues coordinating the network between the immune and CNS systems, particularly during the development of neurological diseases. Here, we highlight the recent advances in our knowledge regarding the distribution and cellular localisation of IL-33 and its receptor ST2 in specific CNS regions, and more importantly the key roles IL-33/ST2 signalling pathway play in CNS function under normal and diseased conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2596
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • IL-33
  • ST2
  • central nervous system
  • expression
  • neurological diseases

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