Exposure to liquid sweetness in early childhood

artificially-sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years

A. K. Macintyre, L. Marryat, S. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: A significant gap exists in longitudinal evidence on early exposure to artificially-sweetened beverages (ASBs) and weight outcomes for paediatric populations.
Objective: To examine the relationship between artificially-sweetened beverage (ASB) / sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years.
Methods: Data from a nationally representative cohort (n=2986) in Scotland were analysed using logistic regression to evaluate the association between exposure to ASBs/SSBs at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years.
Results: There were positive unadjusted associations between ASB consumption and risk of obesity, and following adjustment for confounders ASB associations attenuated and only the middle consumption category (1 to 6 times per week) remained significant (Odds Ratio (OR) 1.57, 95% CI 1.05-2.36). For SSB consumption there were no significant unadjusted associations, and following adjustment for confounders only the middle consumption category was significant (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.12- 2.44). There were no significant associations for risk of overweight.
Conclusions: Longitudinal analysis from 4-5 years to 7-8 years demonstrated some evidence of associations between ASBs/SSB consumption and risk of obesity. However, non-linear patterns and wide confidence intervals suggests cautious interpretation and need for future studies with long term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric Obesity
Early online date6 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Beverages
Obesity
childhood
Odds Ratio
evidence
confidence
logistics
Scotland
regression
interpretation
Logistic Models
Confidence Intervals
Pediatrics
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • sugar-sweetened beverages
  • artificially-sweetened beverages
  • overweight
  • obesity
  • longitudinal cohort
  • childhood

Cite this

@article{e2786350b98b4a04bc08c0d070322281,
title = "Exposure to liquid sweetness in early childhood: artificially-sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years",
abstract = "Background: A significant gap exists in longitudinal evidence on early exposure to artificially-sweetened beverages (ASBs) and weight outcomes for paediatric populations. Objective: To examine the relationship between artificially-sweetened beverage (ASB) / sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years.Methods: Data from a nationally representative cohort (n=2986) in Scotland were analysed using logistic regression to evaluate the association between exposure to ASBs/SSBs at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years. Results: There were positive unadjusted associations between ASB consumption and risk of obesity, and following adjustment for confounders ASB associations attenuated and only the middle consumption category (1 to 6 times per week) remained significant (Odds Ratio (OR) 1.57, 95{\%} CI 1.05-2.36). For SSB consumption there were no significant unadjusted associations, and following adjustment for confounders only the middle consumption category was significant (OR 1.65, 95{\%} CI 1.12- 2.44). There were no significant associations for risk of overweight. Conclusions: Longitudinal analysis from 4-5 years to 7-8 years demonstrated some evidence of associations between ASBs/SSB consumption and risk of obesity. However, non-linear patterns and wide confidence intervals suggests cautious interpretation and need for future studies with long term follow-up.",
keywords = "sugar-sweetened beverages, artificially-sweetened beverages, overweight, obesity , longitudinal cohort , childhood",
author = "Macintyre, {A. K.} and L. Marryat and S. Chambers",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1111/ijpo.12284",
language = "English",
journal = "Pediatric Obesity",
issn = "2047-6310",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exposure to liquid sweetness in early childhood

T2 - artificially-sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years

AU - Macintyre, A. K.

AU - Marryat, L.

AU - Chambers , S.

PY - 2018/4/6

Y1 - 2018/4/6

N2 - Background: A significant gap exists in longitudinal evidence on early exposure to artificially-sweetened beverages (ASBs) and weight outcomes for paediatric populations. Objective: To examine the relationship between artificially-sweetened beverage (ASB) / sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years.Methods: Data from a nationally representative cohort (n=2986) in Scotland were analysed using logistic regression to evaluate the association between exposure to ASBs/SSBs at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years. Results: There were positive unadjusted associations between ASB consumption and risk of obesity, and following adjustment for confounders ASB associations attenuated and only the middle consumption category (1 to 6 times per week) remained significant (Odds Ratio (OR) 1.57, 95% CI 1.05-2.36). For SSB consumption there were no significant unadjusted associations, and following adjustment for confounders only the middle consumption category was significant (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.12- 2.44). There were no significant associations for risk of overweight. Conclusions: Longitudinal analysis from 4-5 years to 7-8 years demonstrated some evidence of associations between ASBs/SSB consumption and risk of obesity. However, non-linear patterns and wide confidence intervals suggests cautious interpretation and need for future studies with long term follow-up.

AB - Background: A significant gap exists in longitudinal evidence on early exposure to artificially-sweetened beverages (ASBs) and weight outcomes for paediatric populations. Objective: To examine the relationship between artificially-sweetened beverage (ASB) / sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years.Methods: Data from a nationally representative cohort (n=2986) in Scotland were analysed using logistic regression to evaluate the association between exposure to ASBs/SSBs at 4-5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7-8 years. Results: There were positive unadjusted associations between ASB consumption and risk of obesity, and following adjustment for confounders ASB associations attenuated and only the middle consumption category (1 to 6 times per week) remained significant (Odds Ratio (OR) 1.57, 95% CI 1.05-2.36). For SSB consumption there were no significant unadjusted associations, and following adjustment for confounders only the middle consumption category was significant (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.12- 2.44). There were no significant associations for risk of overweight. Conclusions: Longitudinal analysis from 4-5 years to 7-8 years demonstrated some evidence of associations between ASBs/SSB consumption and risk of obesity. However, non-linear patterns and wide confidence intervals suggests cautious interpretation and need for future studies with long term follow-up.

KW - sugar-sweetened beverages

KW - artificially-sweetened beverages

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KW - obesity

KW - longitudinal cohort

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