Exploring the pre-entrepreneurial careers of high-technology entrepreneurs

S.Y. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The encouragement of high-technology entrepreneurship is an increasing focus of enterprise agency activities in growing numbers of developed economies. Universities are playing a role in the development of entrepreneurial capital through a range of initiatives and programmes targeted at enhancing levels of enterprise awareness and skills at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The effectiveness of such programmes is sometimes judged by the number of students starting a business when they graduate. This paper argues that such an approach fails to understand the nature of the pre-entrepreneurial career. Evidence is presented from a study of entrepreneurs in the electronics and software sectors, which demonstrates that sizeable numbers of firms are established by those in mid-career, after a significant time working as an employee. During this period, the entrepreneur gains knowledge and develops skills and networks, which facilitate the establishment of well-conceived and sustainable ventures. This paper suggests that secondary and tertiary education and workplace-based learning are complementary components in the development of would-be entrepreneurs, and that the numbers of individuals able to embark directly on an entrepreneurial venture will be very limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-354
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Lifelong Learning
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • entrepreneurship
  • high-technology entrepreneurs
  • small firms
  • SMEs
  • electronics
  • software
  • pre-entrepreneurial careers
  • prior experience
  • knowledge
  • expertise
  • high tech start-ups
  • workplace based learning
  • education
  • life-long learning


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