Exploring the effects of high pressure on hydrogen bonding in pharmaceutical cocrystals: a systematic study of pyridine dicarboxylic acid systems using synchrotron and neutron diffraction

Martin R. Ward, Craig L. Bull, Nicolas P. Funnell, Mark R. Warren, Iain D.H. Oswald

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Abstract

Pharmaceutical cocrystals use common robust hydrogen bonding synthons to create novel materials with different physicochemical properties. In this systematic study of a series of cocrystals, we explore the effect of high pressure on one of these commonly used motifs, the acid-pyridine motif, to assess the commonality of behaviour under extreme conditions. We have surveyed five pyridine dicarboxylic acid systems using both synchrotron and neutron diffraction methods to elucidate the changes in structure. We observe that the hydrogen bonding in these systems compress at a similar rate despite the changes to the molecular make-up of the solids and that on compression the changes in structure are indicative that the layers move along the major slip planes in the structure. We have observed two phase transitions to new forms of the pyrazine:malonic acid system, one for each stoichiometric ratio. This study demonstrates that the combination of two complementary diffraction approaches is key to understanding polymorphic behaviour at high pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123514
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume647
Early online date14 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • high-pressure
  • intermolecular interactions
  • diffraction
  • X-ray
  • neutron
  • phase transition

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