Exploratory evaluation of audio email technology in formative assessment feedback

George Macgregor, Alex Spiers, Chris Taylor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)
    24 Downloads (Pure)


    Formative assessment generates feedback on students’ performance, thereby accelerating and improving student learning. Anecdotal evidence gathered by a number of evaluations has hypothesised that audio feedback may be capable of enhancing student learning more than other approaches. In this paper we report on the preliminary findings of a quasi-experimental study employing qualitative techniques for triangulation, conducted to evaluate the efficacy of formative audio feedback on student learning. We focus on the delivery of ‘voice emails’ to undergraduate students (n = 24) and evaluate the efficacy of such feedback in formative assessment and ergo students' learning, as well as achieving a better understanding of students' feedback behaviour post-delivery. The results indicate that audio feedback better conforms to existing models of 'quality' formative feedback, can enhance the student learning experience and can be more efficient in feedback delivery. Despite this, and high levels of feedback re-use by student participants, the audio treatment group underperformed in learning tasks when compared with the control group. Differences between the groups were not statistically significant and analyses of individual and mean learning gains across the treatment group provide little indication of improvements in learning.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)39-59
    Number of pages21
    JournalResearch in Learning Technology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • learning technology
    • e-learning systems
    • audio feedback
    • audio technology
    • formative assessment
    • voice email


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