Experimental study of fast electron propagation in compressed matter

B. Vauzour, J. J. Santos, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, M. Koenig, Ph. Nicolai, F. Perez, F. N. Beg, C. Benedetti, R. Benocci, E. Brambrink, S. Chawla, M. Coury, F. Dorchies, C. Fourment, M. Galimberti, L. A. Gizzi, R. Heathcote, D. P. Higginson, J. J. Honrubia & 24 others S. Hulin, R. Jafer, L. C. Jarrot, L. Lobate, K. Lancaster, P. Koster, A. J. MacKinnon, P. McKenna, A. G. McPhee, W. Nazarov, J. Pasley, R. Ramis, Y. Rhee, C. Regan, X. Ribeyre, M. Richetta, F. Serres, H. -P. Schlenvoigt, G. Schurtz, A. Sgattoni, C. Spindloe, X. Vaisseau, L. Volpe, V. Yahia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on experimental results of the fast electron transport in compressed plasmas, created by laser-induced shock propagation in both cylindrical and planar geometry. Two experiments were carried out. The first one was based on the compression of a polyimide cylinder filled with foams of three different initial densities (rho(0)). X-ray and proton radiographies of the target during the compression coupled with hydrodynamic simulations show that the obtained core densities and temperatures range from 2 to 11 g/cm(3) and from 30 to 120 eV, respectively. By studying the K-shell fluorescence from dopant atoms inside the target and from tracer layers situated at both front and rear side of the target it has been possible to investigate the fast electron propagation. The results show that Cu K-alpha yield emitted by the target rear side foil decreases with increasing compression, independently of rho(0). An electron collimation can also be observed for certain experimental conditions where a convergent resistivity gradient interacts with the fast electron beam. The second experiment was performed in a planar geometry with a compressing shock counter-propagative to the fast electron beam. In this case the areal density rho z seen by the electrons is constant during the compression in such a way that changes in the fast electron range should be ascribed to collective mechanisms. The study of the K-alpha fluorescence, from buried fluorescent layers of different atomic numbers, shows that the electrons with energy <75 key are more affected by resistive losses in compressed compared to non-compressed targets. These two experiments were part of the Experimental Fusion Validation Program of the HiPER project.

LanguageEnglish
Pages176-180
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume653
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2011

Fingerprint

propagation
Electrons
electrons
Electron beams
Compaction
Fluorescence
shock
electron beams
Geometry
Radiography
Experiments
fluorescence
Polyimides
Metal foil
collimation
radiography
Foams
geometry
polyimides
Protons

Keywords

  • compression
  • electron transport
  • fast ignition
  • X-ray radiography
  • proton radiography
  • hydrodynamic simulations

Cite this

Vauzour, B. ; Santos, J. J. ; Batani, D. ; Baton, S. D. ; Koenig, M. ; Nicolai, Ph. ; Perez, F. ; Beg, F. N. ; Benedetti, C. ; Benocci, R. ; Brambrink, E. ; Chawla, S. ; Coury, M. ; Dorchies, F. ; Fourment, C. ; Galimberti, M. ; Gizzi, L. A. ; Heathcote, R. ; Higginson, D. P. ; Honrubia, J. J. ; Hulin, S. ; Jafer, R. ; Jarrot, L. C. ; Lobate, L. ; Lancaster, K. ; Koster, P. ; MacKinnon, A. J. ; McKenna, P. ; McPhee, A. G. ; Nazarov, W. ; Pasley, J. ; Ramis, R. ; Rhee, Y. ; Regan, C. ; Ribeyre, X. ; Richetta, M. ; Serres, F. ; Schlenvoigt, H. -P. ; Schurtz, G. ; Sgattoni, A. ; Spindloe, C. ; Vaisseau, X. ; Volpe, L. ; Yahia, V. / Experimental study of fast electron propagation in compressed matter. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2011 ; Vol. 653, No. 1. pp. 176-180.
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abstract = "We report on experimental results of the fast electron transport in compressed plasmas, created by laser-induced shock propagation in both cylindrical and planar geometry. Two experiments were carried out. The first one was based on the compression of a polyimide cylinder filled with foams of three different initial densities (rho(0)). X-ray and proton radiographies of the target during the compression coupled with hydrodynamic simulations show that the obtained core densities and temperatures range from 2 to 11 g/cm(3) and from 30 to 120 eV, respectively. By studying the K-shell fluorescence from dopant atoms inside the target and from tracer layers situated at both front and rear side of the target it has been possible to investigate the fast electron propagation. The results show that Cu K-alpha yield emitted by the target rear side foil decreases with increasing compression, independently of rho(0). An electron collimation can also be observed for certain experimental conditions where a convergent resistivity gradient interacts with the fast electron beam. The second experiment was performed in a planar geometry with a compressing shock counter-propagative to the fast electron beam. In this case the areal density rho z seen by the electrons is constant during the compression in such a way that changes in the fast electron range should be ascribed to collective mechanisms. The study of the K-alpha fluorescence, from buried fluorescent layers of different atomic numbers, shows that the electrons with energy <75 key are more affected by resistive losses in compressed compared to non-compressed targets. These two experiments were part of the Experimental Fusion Validation Program of the HiPER project.",
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author = "B. Vauzour and Santos, {J. J.} and D. Batani and Baton, {S. D.} and M. Koenig and Ph. Nicolai and F. Perez and Beg, {F. N.} and C. Benedetti and R. Benocci and E. Brambrink and S. Chawla and M. Coury and F. Dorchies and C. Fourment and M. Galimberti and Gizzi, {L. A.} and R. Heathcote and Higginson, {D. P.} and Honrubia, {J. J.} and S. Hulin and R. Jafer and Jarrot, {L. C.} and L. Lobate and K. Lancaster and P. Koster and MacKinnon, {A. J.} and P. McKenna and McPhee, {A. G.} and W. Nazarov and J. Pasley and R. Ramis and Y. Rhee and C. Regan and X. Ribeyre and M. Richetta and F. Serres and Schlenvoigt, {H. -P.} and G. Schurtz and A. Sgattoni and C. Spindloe and X. Vaisseau and L. Volpe and V. Yahia",
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Vauzour, B, Santos, JJ, Batani, D, Baton, SD, Koenig, M, Nicolai, P, Perez, F, Beg, FN, Benedetti, C, Benocci, R, Brambrink, E, Chawla, S, Coury, M, Dorchies, F, Fourment, C, Galimberti, M, Gizzi, LA, Heathcote, R, Higginson, DP, Honrubia, JJ, Hulin, S, Jafer, R, Jarrot, LC, Lobate, L, Lancaster, K, Koster, P, MacKinnon, AJ, McKenna, P, McPhee, AG, Nazarov, W, Pasley, J, Ramis, R, Rhee, Y, Regan, C, Ribeyre, X, Richetta, M, Serres, F, Schlenvoigt, H-P, Schurtz, G, Sgattoni, A, Spindloe, C, Vaisseau, X, Volpe, L & Yahia, V 2011, 'Experimental study of fast electron propagation in compressed matter' Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 653, no. 1, pp. 176-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.12.062

Experimental study of fast electron propagation in compressed matter. / Vauzour, B.; Santos, J. J.; Batani, D.; Baton, S. D.; Koenig, M.; Nicolai, Ph.; Perez, F.; Beg, F. N.; Benedetti, C.; Benocci, R.; Brambrink, E.; Chawla, S.; Coury, M.; Dorchies, F.; Fourment, C.; Galimberti, M.; Gizzi, L. A.; Heathcote, R.; Higginson, D. P.; Honrubia, J. J.; Hulin, S.; Jafer, R.; Jarrot, L. C.; Lobate, L.; Lancaster, K.; Koster, P.; MacKinnon, A. J.; McKenna, P.; McPhee, A. G.; Nazarov, W.; Pasley, J.; Ramis, R.; Rhee, Y.; Regan, C.; Ribeyre, X.; Richetta, M.; Serres, F.; Schlenvoigt, H. -P.; Schurtz, G.; Sgattoni, A.; Spindloe, C.; Vaisseau, X.; Volpe, L.; Yahia, V.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 653, No. 1, 11.10.2011, p. 176-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental study of fast electron propagation in compressed matter

AU - Vauzour, B.

AU - Santos, J. J.

AU - Batani, D.

AU - Baton, S. D.

AU - Koenig, M.

AU - Nicolai, Ph.

AU - Perez, F.

AU - Beg, F. N.

AU - Benedetti, C.

AU - Benocci, R.

AU - Brambrink, E.

AU - Chawla, S.

AU - Coury, M.

AU - Dorchies, F.

AU - Fourment, C.

AU - Galimberti, M.

AU - Gizzi, L. A.

AU - Heathcote, R.

AU - Higginson, D. P.

AU - Honrubia, J. J.

AU - Hulin, S.

AU - Jafer, R.

AU - Jarrot, L. C.

AU - Lobate, L.

AU - Lancaster, K.

AU - Koster, P.

AU - MacKinnon, A. J.

AU - McKenna, P.

AU - McPhee, A. G.

AU - Nazarov, W.

AU - Pasley, J.

AU - Ramis, R.

AU - Rhee, Y.

AU - Regan, C.

AU - Ribeyre, X.

AU - Richetta, M.

AU - Serres, F.

AU - Schlenvoigt, H. -P.

AU - Schurtz, G.

AU - Sgattoni, A.

AU - Spindloe, C.

AU - Vaisseau, X.

AU - Volpe, L.

AU - Yahia, V.

PY - 2011/10/11

Y1 - 2011/10/11

N2 - We report on experimental results of the fast electron transport in compressed plasmas, created by laser-induced shock propagation in both cylindrical and planar geometry. Two experiments were carried out. The first one was based on the compression of a polyimide cylinder filled with foams of three different initial densities (rho(0)). X-ray and proton radiographies of the target during the compression coupled with hydrodynamic simulations show that the obtained core densities and temperatures range from 2 to 11 g/cm(3) and from 30 to 120 eV, respectively. By studying the K-shell fluorescence from dopant atoms inside the target and from tracer layers situated at both front and rear side of the target it has been possible to investigate the fast electron propagation. The results show that Cu K-alpha yield emitted by the target rear side foil decreases with increasing compression, independently of rho(0). An electron collimation can also be observed for certain experimental conditions where a convergent resistivity gradient interacts with the fast electron beam. The second experiment was performed in a planar geometry with a compressing shock counter-propagative to the fast electron beam. In this case the areal density rho z seen by the electrons is constant during the compression in such a way that changes in the fast electron range should be ascribed to collective mechanisms. The study of the K-alpha fluorescence, from buried fluorescent layers of different atomic numbers, shows that the electrons with energy <75 key are more affected by resistive losses in compressed compared to non-compressed targets. These two experiments were part of the Experimental Fusion Validation Program of the HiPER project.

AB - We report on experimental results of the fast electron transport in compressed plasmas, created by laser-induced shock propagation in both cylindrical and planar geometry. Two experiments were carried out. The first one was based on the compression of a polyimide cylinder filled with foams of three different initial densities (rho(0)). X-ray and proton radiographies of the target during the compression coupled with hydrodynamic simulations show that the obtained core densities and temperatures range from 2 to 11 g/cm(3) and from 30 to 120 eV, respectively. By studying the K-shell fluorescence from dopant atoms inside the target and from tracer layers situated at both front and rear side of the target it has been possible to investigate the fast electron propagation. The results show that Cu K-alpha yield emitted by the target rear side foil decreases with increasing compression, independently of rho(0). An electron collimation can also be observed for certain experimental conditions where a convergent resistivity gradient interacts with the fast electron beam. The second experiment was performed in a planar geometry with a compressing shock counter-propagative to the fast electron beam. In this case the areal density rho z seen by the electrons is constant during the compression in such a way that changes in the fast electron range should be ascribed to collective mechanisms. The study of the K-alpha fluorescence, from buried fluorescent layers of different atomic numbers, shows that the electrons with energy <75 key are more affected by resistive losses in compressed compared to non-compressed targets. These two experiments were part of the Experimental Fusion Validation Program of the HiPER project.

KW - compression

KW - electron transport

KW - fast ignition

KW - X-ray radiography

KW - proton radiography

KW - hydrodynamic simulations

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DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2010.12.062

M3 - Article

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JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

T2 - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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