Experimental investigation and numerical simulation on the crack initiation and propagation of rock with pre-existing cracks

Xun Xi, Xu Wu, Qifeng Guo, Meifeng Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Rock mass behavior is determined not only by the properties of the rock matrix but also mostly by the pre-existing cracks in the rock mass. Before the overall failure of rock, the crack initiation and propagation around the tip of pre-existing cracks (i.e., pre-crack) will occur and contribute to rock failure. In this paper, the deep granite from a gold mine is taken and made to specimens with the pre-crack of 0.3 mm thickness. Uniaxial compression tests are carried out on the pre-cracked specimens. The acoustic emission (AE) sensors and digital image correlation (DIC) system are employed to record the failure characteristics of the specimens. The extended finite element method (XFEM) with the non-local stress field calculation is used to simulate the crack initiation and propagation of pre-cracks. The crack patterns, opening and shearing displacements of the cracked surface, and the crack length development are obtained from numerical simulations. Finally, the effects of friction of crack surface on the crack pattern and crack propagation are investigated and discussed. It has been found that, for pre-cracked specimens, crack initiation and propagation will occur when the stress is much smaller than the rock compressive strength. And in the range of pre-crack angle 30-60°, the larger the pre-crack angle is, the larger the compressive strength is. The crack patterns from numerical simulations have a good agreement with those from experimented DIC results. Moreover, the order of crack propagation speed is consistent with the order of the compressive strength. The crack pattern and crack propagation are affected by the friction coefficient of the cracked surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129636-129644
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • acoustic emission
  • crack propagation
  • failure analysis
  • rock
  • XFEM

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