Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase-encoded coherent states of light

Patrick J. Clarke, Robert J. Collins, Vedran Dunjko, Erika Andersson, John Jeffers, Gerald S. Buller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Digital signatures are frequently used in data transfer to prevent impersonation, repudiation and message tampering. Currently used classical digital signature schemes rely on public key encryption techniques, where the complexity of so-called ‘one-way’ mathematical functions is used to provide security over sufficiently long timescales. No mathematical proofs are known for the long-term security of such techniques. Quantum digital signatures offer a means of sending a message, which cannot be forged or repudiated, with security verified by information-theoretical limits and quantum mechanics. Here we demonstrate an experimental system, which distributes quantum signatures from one sender to two receivers and enables message sending ensured against forging and repudiation. Additionally, we analyse the security of the system in some typical scenarios. Our system is based on the interference of phase-encoded coherent states of light and our implementation utilizes polarization-maintaining optical fibre and photons with a wavelength of 850 nm.
LanguageEnglish
Article number1174
Number of pages8
JournalNature Communications
Volume3
Early online date6 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2012

Fingerprint

Optical Fibers
Electronic document identification systems
Systems Analysis
Mechanics
Photons
Demonstrations
messages
signatures
Light
Polarization-maintaining fiber
Quantum theory
Data transfer
Forging
Cryptography
forging
Optical fibers
quantum mechanics
Wavelength
receivers
optical fibers

Keywords

  • experimental demonstration
  • quantum digital signatures
  • phase-encoded coherent
  • states of light

Cite this

Clarke, Patrick J. ; Collins, Robert J. ; Dunjko, Vedran ; Andersson, Erika ; Jeffers, John ; Buller, Gerald S. / Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase-encoded coherent states of light. In: Nature Communications. 2012 ; Vol. 3.
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Experimental demonstration of quantum digital signatures using phase-encoded coherent states of light. / Clarke, Patrick J.; Collins, Robert J.; Dunjko, Vedran ; Andersson, Erika; Jeffers, John; Buller, Gerald S.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 3, 1174, 06.11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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