We present a full demonstration of unambiguous state discrimination between nonorthogonal quantum states. Using a free-space interferometer we have realized the optimum quantum measurement scheme for two nonorthogonal states of light, known as the Ivanovic-Dieks-Peres (IDP) measurement. We have gained access to all three possible outcomes of this measurement. All aspects of this generalized measurement scheme, including its superiority over a standard von Neumann measurement, have been demonstrated within 1.5% of the IDP predictions.
- quantum physics
- optimal unambiguous state discrimination
- Ivanovic-Dieks-Peres measurement