Evolutionary interventions in search of national architectural identity

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

During the second half of the 20th century Qatar witnessed its first modern urbanisation period accompanied by rapidly increasing oil production. Today new development strategies have been initiated and implemented to diversify its economy; these have led to a second major urban transformation process. Doha, the capital city of Qatar, has seen rapid growth from a small fishing hamlet in the middle of the 20th century to a vibrant emerging regional urban centre with more than 2.1 million inhabitants. In this essay, I present selected works from AEB that are discussed within the overall urban development process. During the bustling1960s settlement patterns were determined by the development of modern infrastructure such as roads and the supply of fresh water and electricity. Modern public administration, distributed among various buildings throughout the city, was just in its infancy. Despite the introduction of the first public housing law in 1964, planning and regulations still had limited impact on the general development. With Qatar’s independence and in response to rising demands, roads were widened in central areas to provide access by car while the old courtyard buildings were replaced by modern concrete structures made of cement and brick. In order to accommodate expatriate labour as well as Qataris moving from other parts of the country to Doha, new housing areas were developed around the former city boundaries. In this first period of Doha’s urban development incentives such as land reclamation of an area around Doha’s port and the construction of the Al-Corniche Road on the waterfront around the attractive bay would later become defining elements of urban development. Rectangular grid settlement patterns and modern cement buildings added a belt around the old centre and its harbour; these in turn were gradually replaced by modern urbanisation. Thus, Doha’s traditional urban environment faced a rapid decline resulting from first investments in modern infrastructure and the increasing purchasing power of its population. In addition, cars and air-conditioning units further enabled the emergence of a new urban structure with low built densities, extensive road grids and cement block architecture.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationAEB 1966-2016
Subtitle of host publicationFifty Years of Architectural Design in Qatar
EditorsLuca Molinari, Ibrahim Jaidah
Place of PublicationMilan, Italy
Pages8-19
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 7 Dec 2016

Fingerprint

Cements
Railroad cars
Land reclamation
Public administration
Purchasing
Ports and harbors
Brick
Concrete construction
Air conditioning
Electricity
Personnel
Planning
Water
Oils

Keywords

  • architecture
  • contemporary architecture
  • postmodernism
  • modernity
  • traditional architecture
  • architectural identity
  • Doha

Cite this

Salama, A. M. (2016). Evolutionary interventions in search of national architectural identity. In L. Molinari, & I. Jaidah (Eds.), AEB 1966-2016 : Fifty Years of Architectural Design in Qatar (pp. 8-19). Milan, Italy.
Salama, Ashraf M./ Evolutionary interventions in search of national architectural identity. AEB 1966-2016 : Fifty Years of Architectural Design in Qatar. editor / Luca Molinari ; Ibrahim Jaidah. Milan, Italy, 2016. pp. 8-19
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Salama, AM 2016, Evolutionary interventions in search of national architectural identity. in L Molinari & I Jaidah (eds), AEB 1966-2016 : Fifty Years of Architectural Design in Qatar. Milan, Italy, pp. 8-19.

Evolutionary interventions in search of national architectural identity. / Salama, Ashraf M.

AEB 1966-2016 : Fifty Years of Architectural Design in Qatar. ed. / Luca Molinari; Ibrahim Jaidah. Milan, Italy, 2016. p. 8-19.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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KW - contemporary architecture

KW - postmodernism

KW - modernity

KW - traditional architecture

KW - architectural identity

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M3 - Chapter

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Salama AM. Evolutionary interventions in search of national architectural identity. In Molinari L, Jaidah I, editors, AEB 1966-2016 : Fifty Years of Architectural Design in Qatar. Milan, Italy. 2016. p. 8-19.