Evaluation of the clinical practice of aminoglycosides use in paediatric patients in Kenya: findings and implications to Low-middle Income Countries

Elias Joseph Onyango, Faith Okalebo, Margaret Oluka, Rosaline Kinuthia, Loice Achieng, Brian Godman, Amanj Kurdi

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Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate the practice of aminoglycoside use/monitoring in Kenya and explore healthcare worker (HCW) perceptions of aminoglycoside monitoring to identify gaps and opportunities for future improvements, given the low therapeutic index of aminoglycosides.

Methods

This was a two-phase study whereby we reviewed patients' medical records at Kenyatta National Hospital (October-December 2016) in Phase 1 and interviewed HCWs face to face in Phase 2. Outcome measures included describing and evaluating the practice of aminoglycoside use and monitoring and compliance to guidelines. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential analysis.

Results

Overall, out of the 2318 patients admitted, 192 patients (8.3%) were prescribed an aminoglycoside, of which 102 (53.1%) had aminoglycoside doses that did not conform to national guidelines. Aminoglycoside-related adverse effects were suspected in 65 (33.9%) patients. Monitoring of aminoglycoside therapy was performed in only 17 (8.9%) patients, with no therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM), attributed mainly to knowledge and skill gaps and lack of resources. Out of the 28 recruited HCWs, 18 (64.3%) needed training in how to perform and interpret TDM results.

Conclusions

The practice of using and monitoring aminoglycosides was suboptimal, raising concerns around potential avoidable harm to patients. The identified gaps could form the basis for developing strategies to improve the future use of aminoglycosides, not only in Kenya but also in other countries with similar settings and resources.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberdlz087
Number of pages8
JournalJAC-Antimicrobial Resistance
Volume2
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • aminoglycoside
  • Kenya
  • healthcare worker perceptions
  • paediatric patients

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