Evaluation of bio efficacy of Tylophora indica leaf extracts, fractions and pure alkaloids against Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner)

Vanit Kathuria, Sven Ruhl, Nutan Kaushik, RuAngelie Edrada-Ebel, Peter Proksch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Crude extracts, fractions and pure alkaloids from Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merrill were tested against Helicoverpa armigera larvae and moths. Among the extracts, ethanol extract was more effective than the hexane extract in reducing larval growth with GI50 value (concentration at which 50% reduction in larval weight obtained) of 0.031. Significant reduction in pupal weight was also observed (up to 20%). An average of 221.50±36.04, 191.25±17.50, 113.75±30.92, 42.50±14.43 at 0.25%, 0.50%, 1.0% and 2.0% concentration respectively compared to 345.00±54.46 eggs in control jar.The alkaloids were better than ethanol extract in reducing growth (GI50=0.016% and 0.020%) and oviposition (up to 72% at 1.0%). Fractionation of ethanol extract by portioning with different solvents resulted in improved activity and fraction having GI50 of 0.0006%, 155 times better than the ethanol extract. Among the pure alkaloid tylophorinine was found to be the most active alkaloid with LC50 value of 7.1ppm. The presence of a hydroxyl function on the indolizidine moiety increased the activity significantly and could be attributed to mortality in larvae.

LanguageEnglish
Pages274-282
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013

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Helicoverpa armigera
leaf extracts
alkaloids
extracts
ethanol
larvae
jars
Tylophora indica
lethal concentration 50
hexane
moths
fractionation
oviposition

Keywords

  • Helicoverpa armigera
  • oviposition
  • Tylophora indica
  • Tylophorine
  • Tylophorinine

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of bio efficacy of Tylophora indica leaf extracts, fractions and pure alkaloids against Helicoverpa armigera (H{\"u}bner)",
abstract = "Crude extracts, fractions and pure alkaloids from Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merrill were tested against Helicoverpa armigera larvae and moths. Among the extracts, ethanol extract was more effective than the hexane extract in reducing larval growth with GI50 value (concentration at which 50{\%} reduction in larval weight obtained) of 0.031. Significant reduction in pupal weight was also observed (up to 20{\%}). An average of 221.50±36.04, 191.25±17.50, 113.75±30.92, 42.50±14.43 at 0.25{\%}, 0.50{\%}, 1.0{\%} and 2.0{\%} concentration respectively compared to 345.00±54.46 eggs in control jar.The alkaloids were better than ethanol extract in reducing growth (GI50=0.016{\%} and 0.020{\%}) and oviposition (up to 72{\%} at 1.0{\%}). Fractionation of ethanol extract by portioning with different solvents resulted in improved activity and fraction having GI50 of 0.0006{\%}, 155 times better than the ethanol extract. Among the pure alkaloid tylophorinine was found to be the most active alkaloid with LC50 value of 7.1ppm. The presence of a hydroxyl function on the indolizidine moiety increased the activity significantly and could be attributed to mortality in larvae.",
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Evaluation of bio efficacy of Tylophora indica leaf extracts, fractions and pure alkaloids against Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner). / Kathuria, Vanit; Ruhl, Sven; Kaushik, Nutan; Edrada-Ebel, RuAngelie; Proksch, Peter.

In: Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 46, 01.04.2013, p. 274-282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of bio efficacy of Tylophora indica leaf extracts, fractions and pure alkaloids against Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner)

AU - Kathuria, Vanit

AU - Ruhl, Sven

AU - Kaushik, Nutan

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