This chapter discusses how experimental research using implicit visual cues can offer unique insights into the nature and consequences of territorial attachments in multi-level polities such as the European Union; how exposure to threat might impact on attitudes to the European Union; and how recent empirical efforts to illustrate the interaction of these two effects – exposure to visual stimuli and threat – point to a new research direction for students of European identity. The conclusion proposes empirical applications that extend recent research.
|Title of host publication||European Identity Revisited|
|Subtitle of host publication||New Approaches and Recent Empirical Evidence|
|Editors||Viktoria Kaina, Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski, Sebastian Kuhn|
|Publication status||Published - 21 Dec 2015|
|Name||Critical European Studies|
- European Union
- visual cues
- territorial attachment
Cram, L., & Patrikios, S. (2015). European Union symbols under threat: identity considerations. In V. Kaina, I. P. Karolewski, & S. Kuhn (Eds.), European Identity Revisited: New Approaches and Recent Empirical Evidence (Critical European Studies).