Ethical leadership and follower voice and performance: the role of follower identifications and entity morality beliefs

Weichun Zhu, Hongwei He, Linda K. Treviño, Melody M. Chao, Weiyue Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)
369 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Previous studies have investigated a number of psychological mechanisms that mediate the relationships between ethical leaderships and follower outcomes. Follower organizational identification has been found to mediate the relationship between ethical leadership and follower job performance. In this research, we incorporate a second distinct and theoretically important type of social identification process, relational identification with the leader, and examine their mediating effects on follower performance and voice outcomes. Further, we bring the implicit theory of morality to the behavioral ethics literature and examine follower morality beliefs as a moderator. Using a Romanian sample, we found that ethical leadership has an indirect effect on follower job performance and voice (through the mediating mechanisms of both organizational and relational identifications) and that these relationships are stronger for followers who held the implicit theory that a person’s moral character is fixed. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702–718
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Volume26
Issue number5
Early online date31 Jan 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • ethical leadership
  • relational identification
  • organizational identification
  • voice
  • implicit theory of morality

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