Estimation of particle size distribution and aspect ratio of non-spherical particles from chord length distribution

Okpeafoh S. Agimelen, Peter Hamilton, Ian Haley, Alison Nordon, Massimiliano Vasile, Jan Sefcik, Anthony J. Mulholland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)
231 Downloads (Pure)


Information about size and shape of particles produced in various manufacturing processes is very important for process and product development because design of downstream processes as well as final product properties strongly depend on these geometrical particle attributes. However, recovery of particle size and shape information in situ during crystallisation processes has been a major challenge. The focused beam reflectance measurement (FBRM) provides the chord length distribution (CLD) of a population of particles in a suspension flowing close to the sensor window. Recovery of size and shape information from the CLD requires a model relating particle size and shape to its CLD as well as solving the corresponding inverse problem.This paper presents a comprehensive algorithm which produces estimates of particle size distribution and particle aspect ratio from measured CLD data. While the algorithm searches for a global best solution to the inverse problem without requiring further a priori information on the range of particle sizes present in the population or aspect ratio of particles, suitable regularisation techniques based on relevant additional information can be implemented as required to obtain physically reasonable size distributions. We used the algorithm to analyse CLD data for samples of needle-like crystalline particles of various lengths using two previously published CLD models for ellipsoids and for thin cylinders to estimate particle size distribution and shape. We found that the thin cylinder model yielded significantly better agreement with experimental data, while estimated particle size distributions and aspect ratios were in good agreement with those obtained from imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-640
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Early online date11 Nov 2014
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2015


  • chord length distribution
  • focused beam reflectance measurement
  • particle shape
  • particle size distribution


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