Estimating the health impact of air pollution in Scotland, and the resulting benefits of reducing concentrations in city centres

Duncan Lee, Chris Robertson, Colin Ramsay, Colin Gillespie, Gary Napier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Air pollution continues to be a key health issue in Scotland, despite recent improvements in concentrations. The Scottish Government published the Cleaner Air For Scotland strategy in 2015, and will introduce Low Emission Zones (LEZs) in the four major cities (Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow) by 2020. However, there is no epidemiological evidence quantifying the current health impact of air pollution in Scotland, which this paper addresses. Additionally, we estimate the health benefits of reducing concentrations in city centres where most LEZs are located. We focus on cardio-respiratory disease and total non-accidental mortality outcomes, linking them to concentrations of both particulate (PM 10 and PM 2.5 ) and gaseous (NO 2 and NO x ) pollutants. Our two main findings are that: (i) all pollutants exhibit significant associations with respiratory disease but not cardiovascular disease; and (ii) reducing concentrations in city centres with low resident populations only provides a small health benefit.

LanguageEnglish
Pages85-96
Number of pages12
JournalSpatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
Volume29
Early online date9 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Air Pollution
health impact
Scotland
air pollution
Air pollution
city center
Health
respiratory disease
atmospheric pollution
Insurance Benefits
Pulmonary diseases
Pollutants
Disease
health
pollutant
resident population
cardiovascular disease
Air cleaners
Cardiovascular Diseases
Air

Keywords

  • air pollution
  • cardio-respiratory disease
  • epidemiological modelling

Cite this

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Estimating the health impact of air pollution in Scotland, and the resulting benefits of reducing concentrations in city centres. / Lee, Duncan; Robertson, Chris; Ramsay, Colin; Gillespie, Colin; Napier, Gary.

In: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, Vol. 29, 30.06.2019, p. 85-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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