Estimating liquefaction potential of thawing permafrost soils, an evaluation of frozen and recently thawed soils

John D. Thornley, Nick Moran, Andrew Daggett, Thomas G. Krzewinski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

Liquefaction, due to strong ground motions caused by earthquakes, is typically disregarded in permafrost soils. However, in cases where permafrost degrades, it can be challenging to estimate liquefaction potential using conventional screening methods. Historically, there have been several tools engineers have utilized to estimate the potential for liquefaction in thawing permafrost soils, such as those used for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) in the 1970s. Recently more than one hundred boreholes were advanced in an area of discontinuous permafrost near Fairbanks, Alaska. The area is partially developed, which has resulted in decades of localized permafrost degradation. While the boreholes in the undeveloped area remained in a warm permafrost condition, others within close proximity showed thawed soils to depths greater than 50 feet. This study utilizes the close proximity of the frozen and thawed soils to evaluate historical liquefaction screening methods of frozen, thaw-susceptible soils and compares those methods to the results of current methods for screening of thawed soils for liquefaction. The findings from this study provide a methodology that can be further refined and used and identifies key issues to consider when evaluating liquefaction susceptibility at sites where climate change or development adversely affects permafrost soils.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationCongress on Technical Advancement 2017
Subtitle of host publicationCold Regions Engineering - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering Presented at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement
EditorsJon E. Zufelt
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages141-150
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780784481011
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Event17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement, CTA 2017 - Duluth, United States
Duration: 10 Sep 201713 Sep 2017

Conference

Conference17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement, CTA 2017
CountryUnited States
CityDuluth
Period10/09/1713/09/17

Fingerprint

Permafrost
Thawing
Liquefaction
Soils
Screening
Boreholes
Climate change
Earthquakes
Pipelines
Engineers
Degradation

Keywords

  • frozen soils
  • soil testing
  • permafrost
  • climate change
  • thawing
  • soil liquefaction
  • discontinuous permafrost
  • liquefaction potentials
  • liquefaction susceptibility
  • permafrost degradation

Cite this

Thornley, J. D., Moran, N., Daggett, A., & Krzewinski, T. G. (2017). Estimating liquefaction potential of thawing permafrost soils, an evaluation of frozen and recently thawed soils. In J. E. Zufelt (Ed.), Congress on Technical Advancement 2017: Cold Regions Engineering - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering Presented at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement (pp. 141-150). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).
Thornley, John D. ; Moran, Nick ; Daggett, Andrew ; Krzewinski, Thomas G. / Estimating liquefaction potential of thawing permafrost soils, an evaluation of frozen and recently thawed soils. Congress on Technical Advancement 2017: Cold Regions Engineering - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering Presented at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement. editor / Jon E. Zufelt. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2017. pp. 141-150
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title = "Estimating liquefaction potential of thawing permafrost soils, an evaluation of frozen and recently thawed soils",
abstract = "Liquefaction, due to strong ground motions caused by earthquakes, is typically disregarded in permafrost soils. However, in cases where permafrost degrades, it can be challenging to estimate liquefaction potential using conventional screening methods. Historically, there have been several tools engineers have utilized to estimate the potential for liquefaction in thawing permafrost soils, such as those used for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) in the 1970s. Recently more than one hundred boreholes were advanced in an area of discontinuous permafrost near Fairbanks, Alaska. The area is partially developed, which has resulted in decades of localized permafrost degradation. While the boreholes in the undeveloped area remained in a warm permafrost condition, others within close proximity showed thawed soils to depths greater than 50 feet. This study utilizes the close proximity of the frozen and thawed soils to evaluate historical liquefaction screening methods of frozen, thaw-susceptible soils and compares those methods to the results of current methods for screening of thawed soils for liquefaction. The findings from this study provide a methodology that can be further refined and used and identifies key issues to consider when evaluating liquefaction susceptibility at sites where climate change or development adversely affects permafrost soils.",
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Thornley, JD, Moran, N, Daggett, A & Krzewinski, TG 2017, Estimating liquefaction potential of thawing permafrost soils, an evaluation of frozen and recently thawed soils. in JE Zufelt (ed.), Congress on Technical Advancement 2017: Cold Regions Engineering - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering Presented at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 141-150, 17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement, CTA 2017, Duluth, United States, 10/09/17.

Estimating liquefaction potential of thawing permafrost soils, an evaluation of frozen and recently thawed soils. / Thornley, John D.; Moran, Nick; Daggett, Andrew; Krzewinski, Thomas G.

Congress on Technical Advancement 2017: Cold Regions Engineering - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering Presented at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement. ed. / Jon E. Zufelt. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2017. p. 141-150.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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KW - liquefaction susceptibility

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M3 - Conference contribution book

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PB - American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

ER -

Thornley JD, Moran N, Daggett A, Krzewinski TG. Estimating liquefaction potential of thawing permafrost soils, an evaluation of frozen and recently thawed soils. In Zufelt JE, editor, Congress on Technical Advancement 2017: Cold Regions Engineering - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering Presented at the 1st Congress on Technical Advancement. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2017. p. 141-150