Errors and violations in relation to motorcyclists' crash risk

M.A. Elliott, C.J. Baughan, B.F. Sexton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

197 Citations (Scopus)


This study was conducted to: (a) develop a questionnaire that reliably measures the behaviour of motorcyclists and (b) test which types of behaviour predict motorcyclists' crash risk. A Motorcycle Rider Behaviour Questionnaire (MRBQ), consisting of 43 items to measure the self-reported frequency of specific riding behaviours, was developed and administered to a sample of motorcyclists (N = 8666). Principal components analysis revealed a 5-factor solution (traffic errors, control errors, speed violations, performance of stunts and use of safety equipment). Generalised linear modelling showed that, while controlling for the effects of age, experience and annual mileage, traffic errors were the main predictors of crash risk. For crashes in which respondents accepted some degree of blame, control errors and speed violations were also significant predictors of crash risk. Implications of the findings are discussed in relation to deciding which countermeasures may be most effective at reducing motorcycle casualty rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-499
Number of pages8
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2007


  • motorcycle rider behaviour questionnaire (MRBQ)
  • errors
  • violations
  • motorcycle
  • crash risk


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