Bentonite is a clay mineral often used in ion exchange processes due to its high ion exchange capacity. In the present study, a commercially available in Greece market bentonite was obtained and characterized by XRD, XRF, FTIR, BET, and TG/DTA analysis. Monmorillonite was the main component of bentonite sample (>80%). Ion exchange equilibria of Zn2+, Cr3+, and Mn2+ on bentonite was examined by use of batch equilibrium isotherms, distribution coefficients, and maximum exchange levels (MELs) under the same normality for all metals (0.01 N) at 25 ± 2°C. The equilibrium isotherms for the metals studied exhibit a favorable-type isotherm. Selectivity series deduced from equilibrium isotherms are Cr3+ > Zn2+ > Mn2+, and the same occurs for MELs. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied and fitted the equilibrium data for the metal ion uptake. A detailed literature review on heavy metals-bentonite equilibrium is provided.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Desalination and Water Treatment|
|Early online date||30 Sep 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Dec 2016|
- heavy metals
- ion exchange