Equidistribution of descents, adjacent pairs, and place-value pairs on permutations

Emeric Deutsch, Sergey Kitaev, Jeffrey Remmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An $(X,Y)$-descent in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first element is from $X$, the second element is from $Y$, and the first element is greater than the second one. An $(X,Y)$-adjacency in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first one is from $X$ and the second one is from $Y$. An $(X,Y)$-place-value pair in a permutation is an element $y$ in position $x$, such that $y$ is in $Y$ and $x$ is in $X$. It turns out, that for certain choices of $X$ and $Y$ some of the three statistics above become equidistributed. Moreover, it is easy to derive the distribution formula for $(X,Y)$-place-value pairs thus providing distribution for other statistics under consideration too. This generalizes some results in the literature. As a result of our considerations, we get combinatorial proofs of several remarkable identities. We also conjecture existence of a bijection between two objects in question preserving a certain statistic.
Original languageEnglish
Article number09.5.1
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Integer Sequences
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Place value
Equidistribution
Descent
Permutation
Adjacent
Statistics
Adjacency
Bijection
Statistic
Generalise

Keywords

  • adjacent pairs
  • permutations
  • bijection

Cite this

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title = "Equidistribution of descents, adjacent pairs, and place-value pairs on permutations",
abstract = "An $(X,Y)$-descent in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first element is from $X$, the second element is from $Y$, and the first element is greater than the second one. An $(X,Y)$-adjacency in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first one is from $X$ and the second one is from $Y$. An $(X,Y)$-place-value pair in a permutation is an element $y$ in position $x$, such that $y$ is in $Y$ and $x$ is in $X$. It turns out, that for certain choices of $X$ and $Y$ some of the three statistics above become equidistributed. Moreover, it is easy to derive the distribution formula for $(X,Y)$-place-value pairs thus providing distribution for other statistics under consideration too. This generalizes some results in the literature. As a result of our considerations, we get combinatorial proofs of several remarkable identities. We also conjecture existence of a bijection between two objects in question preserving a certain statistic.",
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author = "Emeric Deutsch and Sergey Kitaev and Jeffrey Remmel",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
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Equidistribution of descents, adjacent pairs, and place-value pairs on permutations. / Deutsch, Emeric; Kitaev, Sergey; Remmel, Jeffrey.

In: Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 12, No. 5, 09.5.1, 2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Equidistribution of descents, adjacent pairs, and place-value pairs on permutations

AU - Deutsch, Emeric

AU - Kitaev, Sergey

AU - Remmel, Jeffrey

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - An $(X,Y)$-descent in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first element is from $X$, the second element is from $Y$, and the first element is greater than the second one. An $(X,Y)$-adjacency in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first one is from $X$ and the second one is from $Y$. An $(X,Y)$-place-value pair in a permutation is an element $y$ in position $x$, such that $y$ is in $Y$ and $x$ is in $X$. It turns out, that for certain choices of $X$ and $Y$ some of the three statistics above become equidistributed. Moreover, it is easy to derive the distribution formula for $(X,Y)$-place-value pairs thus providing distribution for other statistics under consideration too. This generalizes some results in the literature. As a result of our considerations, we get combinatorial proofs of several remarkable identities. We also conjecture existence of a bijection between two objects in question preserving a certain statistic.

AB - An $(X,Y)$-descent in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first element is from $X$, the second element is from $Y$, and the first element is greater than the second one. An $(X,Y)$-adjacency in a permutation is a pair of adjacent elements such that the first one is from $X$ and the second one is from $Y$. An $(X,Y)$-place-value pair in a permutation is an element $y$ in position $x$, such that $y$ is in $Y$ and $x$ is in $X$. It turns out, that for certain choices of $X$ and $Y$ some of the three statistics above become equidistributed. Moreover, it is easy to derive the distribution formula for $(X,Y)$-place-value pairs thus providing distribution for other statistics under consideration too. This generalizes some results in the literature. As a result of our considerations, we get combinatorial proofs of several remarkable identities. We also conjecture existence of a bijection between two objects in question preserving a certain statistic.

KW - adjacent pairs

KW - permutations

KW - bijection

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