Equations for the estimation of strong ground motions from shallow crustal earthquakes using data from Europe and the Middle East: vertical peak ground acceleration and spectral acceleration

N. N. Ambraseys, J. Douglas, S. K. Sarma, P. M. Smit

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Abstract

This article presents equations for the estimation of vertical strong ground motions caused by shallow crustal earthquakes with magnitudes M w 5 and distance to the surface projection of the fault less than 100km. These equations were derived by weighted regression analysis, used to remove observed magnitude-dependent variance, on a set of 595 strong-motion records recorded in Europe and the Middle East. Coefficients are included to model the effect of local site effects and faulting mechanism on the observed ground motions. The equations include coefficients to model the observed magnitude-dependent decay rate. The main findings of this study are that: short-period ground motions from small and moderate magnitude earthquakes decay faster than the commonly assumed 1/r, the average effect of differing faulting mechanisms is similar to that observed for horizontal motions and is not large and corresponds to factors between 0.7 (normal and odd) and 1.4 (thrust) with respect to strike-slip motions and that the average long-period amplification caused by soft soil deposits is about 2.1 over those on rock sites. 

LanguageEnglish
Pages55-73
Number of pages19
JournalBulletin of Earthquake Engineering
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

Fingerprint

Middle East
Faulting
ground motion
Earthquakes
earthquakes
earthquake
faulting
Regression analysis
Amplification
Deposits
site effect
Rocks
strong motion
soft soil
earthquake magnitude
Soils
amplification
regression analysis
thrust
coefficients

Keywords

  • attenuation relations
  • Europe
  • Middle East
  • strong ground motion estimation
  • earthquakes

Cite this

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title = "Equations for the estimation of strong ground motions from shallow crustal earthquakes using data from Europe and the Middle East: vertical peak ground acceleration and spectral acceleration",
abstract = "This article presents equations for the estimation of vertical strong ground motions caused by shallow crustal earthquakes with magnitudes M w 5 and distance to the surface projection of the fault less than 100km. These equations were derived by weighted regression analysis, used to remove observed magnitude-dependent variance, on a set of 595 strong-motion records recorded in Europe and the Middle East. Coefficients are included to model the effect of local site effects and faulting mechanism on the observed ground motions. The equations include coefficients to model the observed magnitude-dependent decay rate. The main findings of this study are that: short-period ground motions from small and moderate magnitude earthquakes decay faster than the commonly assumed 1/r, the average effect of differing faulting mechanisms is similar to that observed for horizontal motions and is not large and corresponds to factors between 0.7 (normal and odd) and 1.4 (thrust) with respect to strike-slip motions and that the average long-period amplification caused by soft soil deposits is about 2.1 over those on rock sites. ",
keywords = "attenuation relations, Europe, Middle East, strong ground motion estimation, earthquakes",
author = "Ambraseys, {N. N.} and J. Douglas and Sarma, {S. K.} and Smit, {P. M.}",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-005-0186-x",
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T2 - Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

AU - Ambraseys, N. N.

AU - Douglas, J.

AU - Sarma, S. K.

AU - Smit, P. M.

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-005-0186-x

PY - 2005/1/1

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N2 - This article presents equations for the estimation of vertical strong ground motions caused by shallow crustal earthquakes with magnitudes M w 5 and distance to the surface projection of the fault less than 100km. These equations were derived by weighted regression analysis, used to remove observed magnitude-dependent variance, on a set of 595 strong-motion records recorded in Europe and the Middle East. Coefficients are included to model the effect of local site effects and faulting mechanism on the observed ground motions. The equations include coefficients to model the observed magnitude-dependent decay rate. The main findings of this study are that: short-period ground motions from small and moderate magnitude earthquakes decay faster than the commonly assumed 1/r, the average effect of differing faulting mechanisms is similar to that observed for horizontal motions and is not large and corresponds to factors between 0.7 (normal and odd) and 1.4 (thrust) with respect to strike-slip motions and that the average long-period amplification caused by soft soil deposits is about 2.1 over those on rock sites. 

AB - This article presents equations for the estimation of vertical strong ground motions caused by shallow crustal earthquakes with magnitudes M w 5 and distance to the surface projection of the fault less than 100km. These equations were derived by weighted regression analysis, used to remove observed magnitude-dependent variance, on a set of 595 strong-motion records recorded in Europe and the Middle East. Coefficients are included to model the effect of local site effects and faulting mechanism on the observed ground motions. The equations include coefficients to model the observed magnitude-dependent decay rate. The main findings of this study are that: short-period ground motions from small and moderate magnitude earthquakes decay faster than the commonly assumed 1/r, the average effect of differing faulting mechanisms is similar to that observed for horizontal motions and is not large and corresponds to factors between 0.7 (normal and odd) and 1.4 (thrust) with respect to strike-slip motions and that the average long-period amplification caused by soft soil deposits is about 2.1 over those on rock sites. 

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KW - Europe

KW - Middle East

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