Enzyme-initiated free radical polymerizations of vinyl monomers using horseradish peroxidase

Kyle J. Rodriguez, Michela M. Pellizzoni, Robert J. Chadwick, Chao Guo, Nico Bruns

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we highlight the use of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as a catalyst to initiate free radical polymerizations of vinyl monomers under benign reaction conditions. A variety of vinyl monomers, including 4-acryloylmorpholine (AM), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether acrylate (PEGA) were polymerized. The enzyme converts exogenous hydrogen peroxide into a usable radical source, which when coupled with a β-diketone, yields a radical that initiates chain growth in the presence of monomers. The resulting polymers were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). By using enzymatic free radical polymerizations, polymers can be generated in a sustainable, environmentally-friendly, and scalable fashion.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Enzymology
EditorsNico Bruns, Katja Loos
Place of PublicationCambridge, MA
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Chapter9
Pages249-262
Number of pages14
Volume627
ISBN (Print)9780128170953
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameMethods in Enzymology
Volume627
ISSN (Print)0076-6879
ISSN (Electronic)1557-7988

Fingerprint

Horseradish Peroxidase
Free radical polymerization
Polymerization
Free Radicals
Polymers
Monomers
Methyl Ethers
Ethylene Glycol
Enzymes
Hydrogen Peroxide
Gel Chromatography
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Gel permeation chromatography
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Polyethylene glycols
Growth
Catalysts
hydroxyethyl methacrylate
4-acryloylmorpholine
methyl acrylate

Keywords

  • acrylates and methacrylates
  • enzymatic catalysis
  • free radical polymerization
  • horseradish peroxidase
  • oxidoreductase

Cite this

Rodriguez, K. J., Pellizzoni, M. M., Chadwick, R. J., Guo, C., & Bruns, N. (2019). Enzyme-initiated free radical polymerizations of vinyl monomers using horseradish peroxidase. In N. Bruns, & K. Loos (Eds.), Methods in Enzymology (Vol. 627, pp. 249-262). (Methods in Enzymology; Vol. 627). Cambridge, MA: Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.mie.2019.08.013
Rodriguez, Kyle J. ; Pellizzoni, Michela M. ; Chadwick, Robert J. ; Guo, Chao ; Bruns, Nico. / Enzyme-initiated free radical polymerizations of vinyl monomers using horseradish peroxidase. Methods in Enzymology. editor / Nico Bruns ; Katja Loos. Vol. 627 Cambridge, MA : Academic Press Inc., 2019. pp. 249-262 (Methods in Enzymology).
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Rodriguez, KJ, Pellizzoni, MM, Chadwick, RJ, Guo, C & Bruns, N 2019, Enzyme-initiated free radical polymerizations of vinyl monomers using horseradish peroxidase. in N Bruns & K Loos (eds), Methods in Enzymology. vol. 627, Methods in Enzymology, vol. 627, Academic Press Inc., Cambridge, MA, pp. 249-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.mie.2019.08.013

Enzyme-initiated free radical polymerizations of vinyl monomers using horseradish peroxidase. / Rodriguez, Kyle J.; Pellizzoni, Michela M.; Chadwick, Robert J.; Guo, Chao; Bruns, Nico.

Methods in Enzymology. ed. / Nico Bruns; Katja Loos. Vol. 627 Cambridge, MA : Academic Press Inc., 2019. p. 249-262 (Methods in Enzymology; Vol. 627).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Rodriguez KJ, Pellizzoni MM, Chadwick RJ, Guo C, Bruns N. Enzyme-initiated free radical polymerizations of vinyl monomers using horseradish peroxidase. In Bruns N, Loos K, editors, Methods in Enzymology. Vol. 627. Cambridge, MA: Academic Press Inc. 2019. p. 249-262. (Methods in Enzymology). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.mie.2019.08.013