Environmental management and operational performance in automotive companies in Brazil: the role of human resource management and lean manufacturing

Charbel José Chiappetta Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour, Kannan Govindan, Adriano Alves Teixeira, Wesley Ricardo de Souza Freitas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

224 Citations (Scopus)


The main objective of this study is to verify the influence of Environmental Management (EM) on Operational Performance (OP) in Brazilian automotive companies, analyzing whether Lean Manufacturing (LM) and Human Resources (HR) interfere in the greening of these companies. Therefore, a conceptual framework listing these concepts was proposed, and three research hypotheses were presented. A questionnaire was elaborated based on this theoretical background and sent to respondents occupying the highest positions in the production/operations areas of Brazilian automotive companies. The data, collected from 75 companies, were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The main results are as follows: (a) the model tested revealed an adequate goodness of fit, showing that overall, the relations proposed between EM and OP and between HR, LM and EM tend to be statistically valid; (b) EM tends to influence OP in a positive and statistically weak manner; (c) LM has a greater influence on EM when compared to the influence HR has over EM; (d) HR has a positive relationship over EM, but the statistical significance of this relationship is less than that of the other evaluated relationships. The originality of this paper lies in its gathering the concepts of EM, LM, HR and OP in a single study, as they generally tend not to be treated jointly. This paper also provided valid empirical evidence for a littlestudied context: the Brazilian automotive sector.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-140
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Early online date25 Jul 2012
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2013


  • automotive companies
  • automotive sector
  • Brazil
  • conceptual frameworks
  • lean manufacturing
  • operational performance
  • statistical significance
  • structural equation modeling, Agile manufacturing systems
  • automotive industry
  • human resource management
  • environmental management


Dive into the research topics of 'Environmental management and operational performance in automotive companies in Brazil: the role of human resource management and lean manufacturing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this