# Enumerating (2+2) -free posets by the number of minimal elements and other statistics

Sergey Kitaev, Jeffrey Remmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

## Abstract

An unlabeled poset is said to be -free if it does not contain an induced subposet that is isomorphic to , the union of two disjoint 2-element chains. Let pn denote the number of -free posets of size n. In a recent paper, Bousquet-Mélou et al.  found, using the so called ascent sequences, the generating function for the number of -free posets of size n: . We extend this result in two ways. First, we find the generating function for -free posets when four statistics are taken into account, one of which is the number of minimal elements in a poset. Second, we show that if pn,k equals the number of -free posets of size n with k minimal elements, then . The second result cannot be derived from the first one by a substitution. Our enumeration results are extended to certain restricted permutations and to regular linearized chord diagrams through bijections in  and . Finally, we define a subset of ascent sequences counted by the Catalan numbers and we discuss its relations with - and -free posets.

An unlabeled poset is said to be -free if it does not contain an induced subposet that is isomorphic to , the union of two disjoint 2-element chains. Let pn denote the number of -free posets of size n. In a recent paper, Bousquet-Mélou et al.  found, using the so called ascent sequences, the generating function for the number of -free posets of size n: . We extend this result in two ways. First, we find the generating function for -free posets when four statistics are taken into account, one of which is the number of minimal elements in a poset. Second, we show that if pn,k equals the number of -free posets of size n with k minimal elements, then . The second result cannot be derived from the first one by a substitution. Our enumeration results are extended to certain restricted permutations and to regular linearized chord diagrams through bijections in  and . Finally, we define a subset of ascent sequences counted by the Catalan numbers and we discuss its relations with - and -free posets.

An unlabeled poset is said to be -free if it does not contain an induced subposet that is isomorphic to , the union of two disjoint 2-element chains. Let pn denote the number of -free posets of size n. In a recent paper, Bousquet-Mélou et al.  found, using the so called ascent sequences, the generating function for the number of -free posets of size n: . We extend this result in two ways. First, we find the generating function for -free posets when four statistics are taken into account, one of which is the number of minimal elements in a poset. Second, we show that if pn,k equals the number of -free posets of size n with k minimal elements, then . The second result cannot be derived from the first one by a substitution. Our enumeration results are extended to certain restricted permutations and to regular linearized chord diagrams through bijections in  and . Finally, we define a subset of ascent sequences counted by the Catalan numbers and we discuss its relations with - and -free posets.

An unlabeled poset is said to be -free if it does not contain an induced subposet that is isomorphic to , the union of two disjoint 2-element chains. Let pn denote the number of -free posets of size n. In a recent paper, Bousquet-Mélou et al.  found, using the so called ascent sequences, the generating function for the number of -free posets of size n: . We extend this result in two ways. First, we find the generating function for -free posets when four statistics are taken into account, one of which is the number of minimal elements in a poset. Second, we show that if pn,k equals the number of -free posets of size n with k minimal elements, then . The second result cannot be derived from the first one by a substitution. Our enumeration results are extended to certain restricted permutations and to regular linearized chord diagrams through bijections in  and . Finally, we define a subset of ascent sequences counted by the Catalan numbers and we discuss its relations with - and -free posets.

An unlabeled poset is said to be -free if it does not contain an induced subposet that is isomorphic to , the union of two disjoint 2-element chains. Let pn denote the number of -free posets of size n. In a recent paper, Bousquet-Mélou et al.  found, using the so called ascent sequences, the generating function for the number of -free posets of size n: . We extend this result in two ways. First, we find the generating function for -free posets when four statistics are taken into account, one of which is the number of minimal elements in a poset. Second, we show that if pn,k equals the number of -free posets of size n with k minimal elements, then . The second result cannot be derived from the first one by a substitution. Our enumeration results are extended to certain restricted permutations and to regular linearized chord diagrams through bijections in  and . Finally, we define a subset of ascent sequences counted by the Catalan numbers and we discuss its relations with - and -free posets.

An unlabeled poset is said to be -free if it does not contain an induced subposet that is isomorphic to , the union of two disjoint 2-element chains. Let pn denote the number of -free posets of size n. In a recent paper, Bousquet-Mélou et al.  found, using the so called ascent sequences, the generating function for the number of -free posets of size n: . We extend this result in two ways. First, we find the generating function for -free posets when four statistics are taken into account, one of which is the number of minimal elements in a poset. Second, we show that if pn,k equals the number of -free posets of size n with k minimal elements, then . The second result cannot be derived from the first one by a substitution. Our enumeration results are extended to certain restricted permutations and to regular linearized chord diagrams through bijections in  and . Finally, we define a subset of ascent sequences counted by the Catalan numbers and we discuss its relations with - and -free posets.

Original language English 2098 - 2108 11 Discrete Mathematics 159 17 4 Aug 2011 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dam.2011.07.010 Published - 28 Oct 2011

## Keywords

• computer science
• enumeration
• generating functions
• multiple statistics
• minimal elements
• posets