We consider a risk-averse entrepreneur who invests in a project with idiosyncratic risk. In contrast to the literature, we assume the entrepreneur is unable to get a loan from a bank directly because of the low creditability of the entrepreneur and so an innovative financial contract, named equity-for-guarantee swap, is signed among a bank, an insurer, and the entrepreneur. It is shown that the new swap leads to higher leverage, which brings more diversification and tax benefits. The new swap not only solves the problems of financing constraints, but also significantly improves the welfare level of the entrepreneur. The growth of welfare level increases dramatically with risk aversion index and the volatility of idiosyncratic risk.
- borrowing constraints
- equity-for-guarantee swap
- capital structure
- cash out option
Wang, H., Yang, Z., & Zhang, H. (2015). Entrepreneurial finance with equity-for-guarantee swap and idiosyncratic risk. European Journal of Operational Research, 241(3), 863-871. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2014.09.013