Enhancement and suppression effects resulting from information structuring in sentences

Alison J. S. Sanford, Jessica Price, Anthony J. Sanford

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Information structuring through the use of cleft sentences increases the processing efficiency of references to elements within the scope of focus. Furthermore, there is evidence that putting certain types of emphasis on individual words not only enhances their subsequent processing, but also protects these words from becoming suppressed in the wake of subsequent information, suggesting mechanisms of enhancement and suppression. In Experiment 1, we showed that clefted constructions facilitate the integration of subsequent sentences that make reference to elements within the scope of focus, and that they decrease the efficiency with reference to elements outside of the scope of focus. In Experiment 2, using an auditory text-change-detection paradigm, we showed that focus has similar effects on the strength of memory representations. These results add to the evidence for enhancement and suppression as mechanisms of sentence processing and clarify that the effects occur within sentences having a marked focus structure.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages880-888
    Number of pages9
    JournalMemory and Cognition
    Volume37
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

    Fingerprint

    Efficiency
    Suppression
    Experiment
    Enhancement
    Change Detection
    Sentence Processing
    Hearing
    Cleft Sentence
    Paradigm

    Keywords

    • enhancement
    • suppression
    • information structuring
    • sentences

    Cite this

    Sanford, Alison J. S. ; Price, Jessica ; Sanford, Anthony J. / Enhancement and suppression effects resulting from information structuring in sentences. In: Memory and Cognition. 2009 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 880-888.
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    Enhancement and suppression effects resulting from information structuring in sentences. / Sanford, Alison J. S.; Price, Jessica; Sanford, Anthony J.

    In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 37, No. 6, 09.2009, p. 880-888.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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