Enhanced independent pole control of hybrid MMC-HVDC system

Wang Xiang, Weixing Ling, Lie Xu, Jingyu Wen

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65 Citations (Scopus)
162 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents an enhanced independent pole control scheme for hybrid modular multilevel converter (MMC) based on full bridge sub-module (FBSM) and half bridge sub-module (HBSM). A detailed analysis of power distribution between upper and lower arms under asymmetrical DC pole voltages is presented. It is found that the fundamental AC currents in the upper and lower arms are asymmetrical. To enable operation under asymmetrical DC pole voltages, an enhanced independent pole control scheme is proposed. The controller is composed of two DC control loops, two AC control loops and circulating current suppression control based on current injection. Six modulation indices are presented to independently control the upper and lower arms. With this controller, the DC voltage operating region is significantly extended. To ride through pole to ground DC fault without bringing DC bias at the neutral point of interface transformer, a pole to ground DC fault ride through strategy is proposed. Feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed control scheme are verified by simulation results using PSCAD/EMTDC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-872
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number2
Early online date13 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2018


  • asymmetrical DC pole voltage
  • DC pole to ground fault
  • DC pole to pole fault
  • energy balance
  • hybrid MMC
  • overhead line
  • pole control scheme
  • modular multilevel converter
  • full bridge sub-module
  • half bridge sub-module


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