English Catholic Particularism in Piety and Politics

Mary Heimann, E. Lamberts (Editor)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Outlines the history of the Black International, a secret organisation, directly linked to the Vatican, which brought together the leaders of the Catholic committees in nine European countries. The organisation tried to stem the tide of liberalism, socialism and nationalism that threatened the Catholic Church at the end of the 19th century.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Black International: L'Internationale noire 1870-1878
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Publication series

NameKadoc Studies
PublisherLeuven University Press


  • black international
  • catholicism
  • history of religion


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