Energy efficiency, rebound effects and the environmental kuznets curve

Karen Turner, Nick Hanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Technological change is one factor used to justify the existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve, and technological improvements have been argued to be a key factor in mitigating the impacts of economic growth on environmental quality. In this paper we use a CGE model of the Scottish economy to consider the factors influencing the impacts of one form of technological change–improvements in energy efficiency–on absolute levels of CO2 emissions, on the carbon intensity of the economy (CO2 emissions relative to real GDP), and the per capita EKC relationship. These factors include the elasticity of substitution between energy and non-energy inputs, responses in the labour market and the structure of the economy. Our results demonstrate the key role played by the general equilibrium price elasticity of demand for energy, and the relative influence of different factors on this parameter.
LanguageEnglish
Pages709-720
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Economics
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2011

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Energy efficiency
Elasticity
Substitution reactions
Personnel
Economics
Carbon
Environmental Kuznets curve
Factors
Rebound effect
Technological change
CO2 emissions
Energy

Keywords

  • computable general equilibrium models
  • technological progress
  • energy eficiency
  • rebound effects
  • environmental Kunznets curve

Cite this

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Energy efficiency, rebound effects and the environmental kuznets curve. / Turner, Karen; Hanley, Nick.

In: Energy Economics, Vol. 33, No. 5, 30.09.2011, p. 709-720.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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