Emphasising enhancement in all forms of impact assessment: introduction to a special issue

Elsa Joao, Frank Vanclay, Lea den Broeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the context of impact assessment (IA), ‘enhancement’ refers to deliberate attempts taken in the design and subsequent phases of projects, programmes, plans and policies to ensure the success of a wider range of direct and indirect positive outcomes to communities and/or the biophysical environment.
This can be in the form of opportunities for social and community development, improved health and wellbeing, improved biodiversity, restored ecosystems and landscape character, and protected and respected cultural heritage. This first ever special issue on enhancement advocates that all forms of IA should consider opportunities for enhancement. Specific reference is made to strategic environmental assessment (SEA), environmental impact assessment (EIA), social impact assessment (SIA) and health impact assessment (HIA). The paper presents views from IA practitioners regarding perceptions of the
barriers to greater use of enhancement in IA and suggestions for possible solutions to those barriers. Investment in enhancement initiatives contributes to sustainable development and resilience, and is consistent with corporate social responsibility obligations of proponents.
LanguageEnglish
Pages170-180
Number of pages11
JournalImpact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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social impact assessment
strategic environmental assessment
cultural heritage
health impact
community development
social development
environmental impact assessment
sustainable development
impact assessment
biodiversity
social responsibility
health
social effects
ecosystem
resilience
environmental impact
obligation
community
plan
policy

Keywords

  • enhancement
  • mitigation
  • resilience
  • social outcomes
  • positive impacts
  • offsets

Cite this

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Emphasising enhancement in all forms of impact assessment : introduction to a special issue. / Joao, Elsa; Vanclay, Frank; den Broeder, Lea.

In: Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, Vol. 29, No. 3, 09.2011, p. 170-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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