Emergent vortices in populations of colloidal rollers

Antoine Bricard, Jean Baptiste Caussin, Debasish Das, Charles Savoie, Vijayakumar Chikkadi, Kyohei Shitara, Oleksandr Chepizhko, Fernando Peruani, David Saintillan, Denis Bartolo

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Abstract

Coherent vortical motion has been reported in a wide variety of populations including living organisms (bacteria, fishes, human crowds) and synthetic active matter (shaken grains, mixtures of biopolymers), yet a unified description of the formation and structure of this pattern remains lacking. Here we report the self-organization of motile colloids into a macroscopic steadily rotating vortex. Combining physical experiments and numerical simulations, we elucidate this collective behaviour. We demonstrate that the emergent-vortex structure lives on the verge of a phase separation, and single out the very constituents responsible for this state of polar active matter. Building on this observation, we establish a continuum theory and lay out a strong foundation for the description of vortical collective motion in a broad class of motile populations constrained by geometrical boundaries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7470
Number of pages8
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • colloidal rollers
  • vortices

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    Bricard, A., Caussin, J. B., Das, D., Savoie, C., Chikkadi, V., Shitara, K., Chepizhko, O., Peruani, F., Saintillan, D., & Bartolo, D. (2015). Emergent vortices in populations of colloidal rollers. Nature Communications, 6, [7470]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8470